Data from: Multi-proxy evidence highlights a complex evolutionary legacy of maize in South America

  • Logan Kistler (Creator)
  • Yoshi Maezumi (Creator)
  • J. Brian de Souza (Creator)
  • Natalia A. S. Przelomska (Creator)
  • Flaviane Malaquias Costa (Creator)
  • Oliver Smith (Creator)
  • Hope Loiselle (Creator)
  • Jazmín Ramos Madrigal (Creator)
  • Nathan Alexander Wales (Creator)
  • E. Ribeiro (Creator)
  • Ryan R. Morrison (Creator)
  • Claudia Grimaldo (Creator)
  • Andre P. Prous (Creator)
  • Bernardo Arriaza (Creator)
  • M. Thomas P. Gilbert (Creator)
  • Fabio de Oliveira Freitas (Creator)
  • Robin G Allaby (Creator)



Domesticated maize evolved from wild teosinte under human influences in Mexico beginning around 9,000 BP, traversed Central America by ~7,500 BP, and spread into South America by ~6,500 BP. Landrace and archaeological maize genomes from South America suggest that the ancestral population to South American maize was brought out of the domestication center in Mexico and became isolated from the wild teosinte gene pool before traits of domesticated maize were fixed. Deeply structured lineages then evolved within South America out of this partially domesticated progenitor population. Genomic, linguistic, archaeological, and paleoecological data suggest that the southwestern Amazon was a secondary improvement center for partially domesticated maize. Multiple waves of human-mediated dispersal are responsible for the diversity and biogeography of modern South American maize.

External deposit with Dryad.
Date made available12 Dec 2018
Geographical coverageSouth America

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