Data from: Palaeoproteomics resolves sloth phylogeny

  • Samantha Presslee (Creator)
  • Graham J. Slater (Creator)
  • François Pujos (Creator)
  • Analía M. Forasiepi (Creator)
  • Roman Fischer (Creator)
  • Kelly Molloy (Creator)
  • Meaghan Mackie (Creator)
  • Jesper Olsen (Creator)
  • Alejandro Kramarz (Creator)
  • Matías Taglioretti (Creator)
  • Fernando Scaglia (Creator)
  • Maximiliano Lezcano (Creator)
  • José Luis Lanata (Creator)
  • John Southon (Creator)
  • Robert Feranec (Creator)
  • Jonathan Bloch (Creator)
  • Adam Hajduk (Creator)
  • Fabiana M. Martin (Creator)
  • Rodolfo Salas Gismondi (Creator)
  • Marcelo Reguero (Creator)
  • Christian de Muizon (Creator)
  • Alex D. Greenwood (Creator)
  • Brian T. Chait (Creator)
  • Kirsty Elizabeth Helena Penkman (Creator)
  • Matthew James Collins (Creator)
  • Ross MacPhee (Creator)



The living tree sloths Choloepus and Bradypus are the only remaining members of Folivora, a major xenarthran radiation that occupied a wide range of habitats in many parts of the western hemisphere during the Cenozoic, including both continents and the West Indies. Ancient DNA evidence has played only a minor role in folivoran systematics, as most sloths lived in places not conducive to genomic preservation. Here we utilize collagen sequence information, both separately and in combination with published mitochondrial DNA evidence, to assess the relationships of tree sloths and their extinct relatives. Results from phylogenetic analysis of these datasets differ substantially from morphology-based concepts: Choloepus groups with Mylodontidae, not Megalonychidae; Bradypus and Megalonyx pair together as megatherioids, while monophyletic Antillean sloths may be sister to all other folivorans. Divergence estimates are consistent with fossil evidence for mid-Cenozoic presence of sloths in the West Indies and an early Miocene radiation in South America.

External deposit with Dryad.
Date made available7 Jun 2019
Geographical coverageSouth America
  • Palaeoproteomics resolves sloth relationships

    Presslee, S. L., Slater, G. J., Penkman, K. E. H., Collins, M. J., MacPhee, R., Pujos, F., Forasiepi, A. M., Fischer, R., Molloy, K., Mackie, M., Olsen, J. V., Kramarz, A., Taglioretti, M., Scaglia, F., Lezcano, M., Lanata, J. L., Southon, J., Feranec, R., Bloch, J., Hajduk, A., & 6 othersMartin, F. M., Gismondi, R. S., Reguero, M., de Muizon, C., Greenwood, A. D. & Chait, B. T., 1 Jul 2019, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 3, 7, p. 1121-1130 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Open Access

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