A Biotin-Conjugated photo-activated CO-Releasing Molecule (BiotinCORM): Efficient CO-release from an avidin-BiotinCORM protein adduct

Jonathan Stuart Ward, Alice De Palo, Benjamin James Aucott, James Moir, Jason Martin Lynam, Ian James Stewart Fairlamb

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Biotinylated pharmaceuticals are of great interest due to the strong interactions between biotinyl-functionality and streptavidin/avidin, which opens up avenues for efficient targeting and localisation. Three new carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CO-RMs) have been synthesised and characterised using chemical and biological analysis. An alkyne-containing CO-RM 2 was found to be toxic to RAW 264.7 murine macrophages; and thus therapeutically viable CO-RM 1 was employed as the alkyne precursor for [3+2] cycloaddition chemistry enabling a new acid-containing CO-RM 4 and biotin-bioconugate-CO-RM (BiotinCORM 5) to be prepared. CO-RM 4 showed significantly improved solubility and BiotinCORM 5 acts as a photo-CO-RM. We have found that an avidin-CORM adduct of 5 is a CO-releasing protein, releasing CO on irradiation with light (400 nm). The avidin-biotinCORM adduct of 5 was found to have a binding energy of 10 kcal mol−1. BiotinCORM 5 is the first example of a biotin conjugate CO-RM.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalDalton Transactions
Early online date10 Oct 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Oct 2019

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