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A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran

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A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran. / Zhang, Huifa; Clark, James H.; Geng, Tong; Zhang, Huixian; Cao, Fahai.

In: CHEMSUSCHEM, 24.09.2020, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Zhang, H, Clark, JH, Geng, T, Zhang, H & Cao, F 2020, 'A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran', CHEMSUSCHEM, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202001525

APA

Zhang, H., Clark, J. H., Geng, T., Zhang, H., & Cao, F. (2020). A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran. CHEMSUSCHEM, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202001525

Vancouver

Zhang H, Clark JH, Geng T, Zhang H, Cao F. A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran. CHEMSUSCHEM. 2020 Sep 24;1-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202001525

Author

Zhang, Huifa ; Clark, James H. ; Geng, Tong ; Zhang, Huixian ; Cao, Fahai. / A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran. In: CHEMSUSCHEM. 2020 ; pp. 1-12.

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@article{bf165413287f44018a6bcdfce40cbb02,
title = "A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran",
abstract = "A newly designed N and P co-doped carbon material has been developed to catalyze the conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandialdehyde (DFF) with unprecedented yield and selectivity and demonstrating a synergistic effect between the heteroatoms. The desired catalyst was first synthesized via a pyrolysis method using urea as the nitrogen and carbon source followed by calcination with phytic acid solution as the phosphorus source. The mass ratio of phytic acid to C3N4 and calcination temperature were varied to investigate their effects on catalyst synthesis and microstructure as well as subsequent catalytic activity in simple reaction systems under oxygen. The effect of reaction conditions on the final HMF conversion and DFF selectivity were also investigated systematically. The P−C−N-5-800 catalyst obtained with the optimized annealing temperature of 800 °C and mass ratio of phytic acid/C3N4 of 5 enabled a 99.5 % DFF yield at 120 °C for 9 h under 10 bar oxygen pressure, being the highest among any reported metal-free heterogeneous catalyst to date. The excellent performance of P−C−N-5-800 could be ascribed to the synergy between N and P heteroatoms as well as the high content of graphitic-N and the P−C species within the carbon structure. Reusability studies show that the P−C−N-5-800 catalyst was stable and reusable without deactivation. These results strongly suggest that P−C−N-5-800 is a promising catalyst for large-scale production of DFF in a green manner.",
keywords = "2,5-furandialdehyde, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, carbon, heterogeneous catalysis, oxidation",
author = "Huifa Zhang and Clark, {James H.} and Tong Geng and Huixian Zhang and Fahai Cao",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details. ",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1002/cssc.202001525",
language = "English",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "CHEMSUSCHEM",
issn = "1864-5631",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Carbon Catalyst Co-Doped with P and N for Efficient and Selective Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Diformylfuran

AU - Zhang, Huifa

AU - Clark, James H.

AU - Geng, Tong

AU - Zhang, Huixian

AU - Cao, Fahai

N1 - © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

PY - 2020/9/24

Y1 - 2020/9/24

N2 - A newly designed N and P co-doped carbon material has been developed to catalyze the conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandialdehyde (DFF) with unprecedented yield and selectivity and demonstrating a synergistic effect between the heteroatoms. The desired catalyst was first synthesized via a pyrolysis method using urea as the nitrogen and carbon source followed by calcination with phytic acid solution as the phosphorus source. The mass ratio of phytic acid to C3N4 and calcination temperature were varied to investigate their effects on catalyst synthesis and microstructure as well as subsequent catalytic activity in simple reaction systems under oxygen. The effect of reaction conditions on the final HMF conversion and DFF selectivity were also investigated systematically. The P−C−N-5-800 catalyst obtained with the optimized annealing temperature of 800 °C and mass ratio of phytic acid/C3N4 of 5 enabled a 99.5 % DFF yield at 120 °C for 9 h under 10 bar oxygen pressure, being the highest among any reported metal-free heterogeneous catalyst to date. The excellent performance of P−C−N-5-800 could be ascribed to the synergy between N and P heteroatoms as well as the high content of graphitic-N and the P−C species within the carbon structure. Reusability studies show that the P−C−N-5-800 catalyst was stable and reusable without deactivation. These results strongly suggest that P−C−N-5-800 is a promising catalyst for large-scale production of DFF in a green manner.

AB - A newly designed N and P co-doped carbon material has been developed to catalyze the conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandialdehyde (DFF) with unprecedented yield and selectivity and demonstrating a synergistic effect between the heteroatoms. The desired catalyst was first synthesized via a pyrolysis method using urea as the nitrogen and carbon source followed by calcination with phytic acid solution as the phosphorus source. The mass ratio of phytic acid to C3N4 and calcination temperature were varied to investigate their effects on catalyst synthesis and microstructure as well as subsequent catalytic activity in simple reaction systems under oxygen. The effect of reaction conditions on the final HMF conversion and DFF selectivity were also investigated systematically. The P−C−N-5-800 catalyst obtained with the optimized annealing temperature of 800 °C and mass ratio of phytic acid/C3N4 of 5 enabled a 99.5 % DFF yield at 120 °C for 9 h under 10 bar oxygen pressure, being the highest among any reported metal-free heterogeneous catalyst to date. The excellent performance of P−C−N-5-800 could be ascribed to the synergy between N and P heteroatoms as well as the high content of graphitic-N and the P−C species within the carbon structure. Reusability studies show that the P−C−N-5-800 catalyst was stable and reusable without deactivation. These results strongly suggest that P−C−N-5-800 is a promising catalyst for large-scale production of DFF in a green manner.

KW - 2,5-furandialdehyde

KW - 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

KW - carbon

KW - heterogeneous catalysis

KW - oxidation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85091359199&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/cssc.202001525

DO - 10.1002/cssc.202001525

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85091359199

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - CHEMSUSCHEM

JF - CHEMSUSCHEM

SN - 1864-5631

ER -