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A census of carbohydrate-active enzymes in the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana

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JournalPlant Molecular Biology
DatePublished - 2001
Issue number1-2
Volume47
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)55-72
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The synthesis, modification, and breakdown of carbohydrates is one of the most fundamentally important reactions in nature. The structural and functional diversity of glycosides is mirrored by a vast array of enzymes involved in their synthesis (glycosyltransferases), modification (carbohydrate esterases) and breakdown (glycoside hydrolases and polysaccharide lyases). The importance of these processes is reflected in the dedication of 1-2% of an organism's genes to glycoside hydrolases and glycosyltransferases alone. In plants, these processes are of particular importance for cell-wall synthesis and expansion, starch metabolism, defence against pathogens, symbiosis and signalling. Here we present an analysis of over 730 open reading frames representing the two main classes of carbohydrate-active enzymes, glycoside hydrolases and glycosyltransferases, in the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana. The vast importance of these enzymes in cell-wall formation and degradation is revealed along with the unexpected dominance of pectin degradation in Arabidopsis, with at least 170 open-reading frames dedicated solely to this task.

    Research areas

  • Arabidopsis, genome, glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, ACID-SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES, HORIZONTAL GENE-TRANSFER, GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, MOLECULAR-CLONING, BIOSYNTHESIS, CLASSIFICATION, MECHANISMS, EXPRESSION, GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASES

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