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A complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) ab initio study of phenol-N2: The properties of a weak hydrogen-bonded system in its S1 excited state

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JournalPhysical chemistry chemical physics
DatePublished - 15 Dec 2000
Issue number24
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)5528-5537
Original languageEnglish


The hydroxy-bound isomer of the phenol-N2 van der Waals complex has been studied, together with the phenol monomer, at the CAS(8,7)/6-31G* and CAS(8,7)/cc-pVDZ levels of theory in the S1 electronically excited state as well as the neutral and cation ground states. Calculated geometries, excitation energies, harmonic vibrational frequencies and rotational constants were in good agreement with experiment, especially when using the Dunning cc-pVDZ basis set, although the greatest deviation from observed values predictably occurred for the S1 excited state. In particular, where rotational constants calculated for phenol were reproduced to within a few megahertz of experiment for the S0 and S1 states, for phenol-N2, rotational fits to the REMPI spectrum showed the CASSCF calculations to have underestimated rotational constants, particularly the A″ and A′ values, by about 7%. Binding energies for the complex compare very well to experimental values for S0 and D0 but were underestimated by about 20% for the S1 state. Vibrational analyses of inter- and intramolecular modes showed good agreement with literature for the neutral and ionic ground states of phenol-N2. However, for the S1 excited state, although good agreement was achieved for the a′ symmetry modes, those of a″ symmetry showed significant errors. The results obtained for the electronically excited state demonstrate that calculations at this level provide a good description of the S1 state and can genuinely be a useful aid to assignment of REMPI/LIF excitation spectra of van der Waals complexes of intermediate bond strength.

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