A family of Native Amine Dehydrogenases for the Asymmetric Reductive Amination of Ketones

Gideon James Grogan, Amina Frese, Johan Turkenburg, Lilian Beloti, Ombeline Mayol, Karine Bastard, Jean-Louis Petit, Adrien Debard, Virginie Pellouin, Aline Mariage, Alain Perret, Veronique de Berardinis, Anne Zaparucha, Carine Vergne-Vaxelaire

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The asymmetric reductive amination of ketones enables the one-step synthesis of chiral amines from readily available starting materials. Here we report the discovery of a family of native NAD(P)H-dependent Amine Dehydrogenases (nat-AmDHs) competent for the asymmetric reductive amination of aliphatic and alicyclic ketones, adding significantly to the biocatalytic toolbox available for chiral amine synthesis. Studies of ketone and amine substrate specificity and kinetics reveal a strong preference for aliphatic ketones and aldehydes, with activities of up to 614.5 mU mg-1 for cyclohexanone with ammonia and 851.3 mU mg-1 for isobutyraldehyde with methylamine as amine donor. Crystal structures of three nat-AmDHs (AmDH4, MsmeAmDH and CfusAmDH) reveal the active site determinants of substrate and cofactor specificity and enable the rational engineering of AmDH4 for generated activity towards pentan-2-one. Analysis of the 3D-catalytic site distribution among bacterial biodiversity revealed a superfamily of divergent proteins with representative specificities ranging from amino acid substrates to hydrophobic ketones.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-333
Number of pages10
JournalNature Catalysis
Issue number4
Early online date18 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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