A generally covariant measurement scheme for quantum field theory in curved spacetimes

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We propose and develop a measurement scheme for quantum field theory (QFT) in curved spacetimes, in which the QFT of interest, the ``system'', is dynamically coupled to another, the ``probe'', in a compact spacetime region. Measurements of observables in the probe system then serve as proxy measurements of observables in the system, under a correspondence which depends also on a preparation state of the probe theory. All our constructions are local and covariant, and the conditions may be stated abstractly in the framework of algebraic quantum field theory (AQFT). The induced system observables corresponding to probe observables may be localized in the causal hull of the coupling region and are typically less sharp than the probe observable, but more sharp than the actual measurement on the coupled theory. A formula is given for the post-selected system state, conditioned on measurement outcomes, which is closely related to the notion of an instrument as introduced by Davies and Lewis. This formula has the important property that individual measurements form consistent composites, provided that their coupling regions can be causally ordered and a certain causal factorisation property holds for the dynamics; the composite is independent of the causal order chosen if more than one exists. The general framework is amenable to calculation, as is shown in a specific example. This contribution reports on joint work with R.~Verch, arXiv:1810.06512.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress and Visions in Quantum Theory in View of Gravity: Bridging foundations of physics and mathematics
EditorsFelix Finster, Domenico Giulini, Johannes Kleiner, Jürgen Tolksdorf
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-38941-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-38940-6
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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