By the same authors

From the same journal

A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism. / Balmford, Andrew; Beresford, James; Green, Jonathan; Naidoo, Robin; Walpole, Matt; Manica, Andrea.

In: PLoS Biology, Vol. 7, No. 6, e1000144, 06.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Balmford, A, Beresford, J, Green, J, Naidoo, R, Walpole, M & Manica, A 2009, 'A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism', PLoS Biology, vol. 7, no. 6, e1000144. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144

APA

Balmford, A., Beresford, J., Green, J., Naidoo, R., Walpole, M., & Manica, A. (2009). A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism. PLoS Biology, 7(6), [e1000144]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144

Vancouver

Balmford A, Beresford J, Green J, Naidoo R, Walpole M, Manica A. A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism. PLoS Biology. 2009 Jun;7(6). e1000144. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144

Author

Balmford, Andrew ; Beresford, James ; Green, Jonathan ; Naidoo, Robin ; Walpole, Matt ; Manica, Andrea. / A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism. In: PLoS Biology. 2009 ; Vol. 7, No. 6.

Bibtex - Download

@article{6a64bc4ce4ff4998aacfff42196655bc,
title = "A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism",
abstract = "Reports of rapid growth in nature-based tourism and recreation add significant weight to the economic case for biodiversity conservation but seem to contradict widely voiced concerns that people are becoming increasingly isolated from nature. This apparent paradox has been highlighted by a recent study showing that on a per capita basis, visits to natural areas in the United States and Japan have declined over the last two decades. These results have been cited as evidence of {"}a fundamental and pervasive shift away from nature-based recreation{"} - but how widespread is this phenomenon? We address this question by looking at temporal trends in visitor numbers at 280 protected areas (PAs) from 20 countries. This more geographically representative dataset shows that while PA visitation (whether measured as total or per capita visit numbers) is indeed declining in the United States and Japan, it is generally increasing elsewhere. Total visit numbers are growing in 15 of the 20 countries for which we could get data, with the median national rate of change unrelated to the national rate of population growth but negatively associated with wealth. Reasons for this reversal of growth in the richest countries are difficult to pin down with existing data, but the pattern is mirrored by trends in international tourist arrivals as a whole and so may not necessarily be caused by disaffection with nature. Irrespective of the explanation, it is clear that despite important downturns in some countries, nature-related tourism is far from declining everywhere, and may still have considerable potential both to generate funds for conservation and to shape people's attitudes to the environment.",
author = "Andrew Balmford and James Beresford and Jonathan Green and Robin Naidoo and Matt Walpole and Andrea Manica",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "PLoS Biol.",
issn = "1544-9173",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "6",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A global perspective on trends in nature-based tourism

AU - Balmford, Andrew

AU - Beresford, James

AU - Green, Jonathan

AU - Naidoo, Robin

AU - Walpole, Matt

AU - Manica, Andrea

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - Reports of rapid growth in nature-based tourism and recreation add significant weight to the economic case for biodiversity conservation but seem to contradict widely voiced concerns that people are becoming increasingly isolated from nature. This apparent paradox has been highlighted by a recent study showing that on a per capita basis, visits to natural areas in the United States and Japan have declined over the last two decades. These results have been cited as evidence of "a fundamental and pervasive shift away from nature-based recreation" - but how widespread is this phenomenon? We address this question by looking at temporal trends in visitor numbers at 280 protected areas (PAs) from 20 countries. This more geographically representative dataset shows that while PA visitation (whether measured as total or per capita visit numbers) is indeed declining in the United States and Japan, it is generally increasing elsewhere. Total visit numbers are growing in 15 of the 20 countries for which we could get data, with the median national rate of change unrelated to the national rate of population growth but negatively associated with wealth. Reasons for this reversal of growth in the richest countries are difficult to pin down with existing data, but the pattern is mirrored by trends in international tourist arrivals as a whole and so may not necessarily be caused by disaffection with nature. Irrespective of the explanation, it is clear that despite important downturns in some countries, nature-related tourism is far from declining everywhere, and may still have considerable potential both to generate funds for conservation and to shape people's attitudes to the environment.

AB - Reports of rapid growth in nature-based tourism and recreation add significant weight to the economic case for biodiversity conservation but seem to contradict widely voiced concerns that people are becoming increasingly isolated from nature. This apparent paradox has been highlighted by a recent study showing that on a per capita basis, visits to natural areas in the United States and Japan have declined over the last two decades. These results have been cited as evidence of "a fundamental and pervasive shift away from nature-based recreation" - but how widespread is this phenomenon? We address this question by looking at temporal trends in visitor numbers at 280 protected areas (PAs) from 20 countries. This more geographically representative dataset shows that while PA visitation (whether measured as total or per capita visit numbers) is indeed declining in the United States and Japan, it is generally increasing elsewhere. Total visit numbers are growing in 15 of the 20 countries for which we could get data, with the median national rate of change unrelated to the national rate of population growth but negatively associated with wealth. Reasons for this reversal of growth in the richest countries are difficult to pin down with existing data, but the pattern is mirrored by trends in international tourist arrivals as a whole and so may not necessarily be caused by disaffection with nature. Irrespective of the explanation, it is clear that despite important downturns in some countries, nature-related tourism is far from declining everywhere, and may still have considerable potential both to generate funds for conservation and to shape people's attitudes to the environment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67649969479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144

DO - 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000144

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - PLoS Biol.

T2 - PLoS Biol.

JF - PLoS Biol.

SN - 1544-9173

IS - 6

M1 - e1000144

ER -