By the same authors

From the same journal

A longitudinal investigation of the relationship between maternal mind-mindedness and theory of mind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Full text download(s)

Published copy (DOI)


  • Elizabeth Kirk
  • Karen Pine
  • Lisa Wheatley
  • Neil Howlett
  • Joerg Schulz
  • Ben C. Fletcher


Publication details

JournalBritish journal of developmental psychology
DateE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jul 2015
DatePublished (current) - Nov 2015
Issue number4
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)434-445
Early online date27/07/15
Original languageEnglish


Data are presented from a longitudinal investigation examining the relationship between maternal mind-mindedness in infancy and socio-cognitive development in childhood. We revisited children (n = 18) who had taken part in a longitudinal study as infants. Mind-mindedness had been assessed at 10, 12, 16, and 20 months of age. We followed-up these children at age 5 to 6 years to test their higher order Theory of Mind (measured using the Strange Stories task, Happé, 1997). The convergent validity, temporal stability, and predictive validity of the construct of mind-mindedness were examined in a longitudinal dataset. The five measures of mind-mindedness were not significantly correlated. Mother’s production of appropriate mind-related comments (but no other measures) showed evidence of temporal stability throughout infancy. Thus mind-mindedness (as measured by appropriate mind-related comments) was confirmed as a stable construct. Children’s Theory of Mind at age 5 to 6 was significantly predicted by their mother’s mind-mindedness up to four years earlier, with mind-mindedness accounting for 40% of the variance of the Strange Stories task scores. These findings identify a relationship between mind-mindedness across a protracted period of infancy and socio-cognitive development at age 5 to 6.

Bibliographical note

© 2015 The British Psychological Society. This is an author produced version of a paper accepted for publication in British Journal of Developmental Psychology. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • Longitudinal, Mind-mindedness, Social-cognitive development, Theory of mind

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations