A lynx natural brain endocast from ingarano (Southern Italy; late pleistocene): Taphonomic, morphometric and phylogenetic approaches

Dawid A. Iurino*, Antonio Profico, Marco Cherin, Alessio Veneziano, Loïc Costeur, Raffaele Sardella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A natural brain endocast from the Late Pleistocene site of Ingarano (Apulia, Southern Italy) has been investigated in detail using CT scanning, image processing techniques and Geometric Morphometrics to obtain information about the taxonomy and taphonomy of the specimen. Based on its characteristically felid shape, we compared several measurements of the endocast with those of the brains of living Felidae, with a special emphasis on Panthera pardus, Lynx lynx and Felis silvestris earlier reported from the same locality. The applied combination of techniques revealed that this specimen is morphometrically closest to the brains of lynxes, and so can be reported as the first natural endocranial cast of Late Pleistocene Lynx sp. In addition, CT scanning of the Ingarano endocast allowed us to reconstruct the early stages of its taphonomy (i.e., the process of infilling of the braincase with the sediment).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-117
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Carnivora
  • Felidae
  • Geometric morphometrics
  • Lynx
  • Natural brain endocast
  • Paleontology
  • Phylogenetic signal

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