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A matter of trust: the royal regulation of England's French residents during wartime, 1294-1377

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JournalHistorical Research
DateAccepted/In press - 4 Nov 2014
DateE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2016
DatePublished (current) - 18 Apr 2016
Issue number244
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)208-226
Early online date9/01/16
Original languageEnglish


This study focuses on how the English crown identified and categorized French-born people in the kingdom during the preliminaries and first stage of the Hundred Years War. Unlike the treatment of alien priories and nobles holding lands on both sides of the Channel, the attitude to laypeople became more positive as the period progressed. In particular, the crown was prepared to grant wartime protections to French-born residents based on evidence of local integration. Analysis of the process reveals the flexibility with which the government considered national status before the emergence of denization at the end of the fourteenth century.

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© 2016, The Authors Historical Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Institute of Historical Research.

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