A modelling study of limonene oxidation products following cleaning activities

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution



Publication details

Title of host publicationIndoor Air 2014
DatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Number of pages5
PublisherInternational Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Print)9781634397315


Recent research has highlighted concerns that potential adverse health effects could be associated with cleaning activities. Indoor air contains a complex mixture of chemicals: it is challenging to determine which species are responsible for the observed health effects. A detailed chemical model has been used to investigate the chemical composition of indoor air following cleaning activities using a limonene-based product. The results show that the gasphase composition is dominated by multi-functional carbonyls (72%), with smaller contributions from species containing peroxyacetyl nitrate (16%) and alcohol groups (5%). The secondary organic aerosol composition is dominated by peroxide (73%) and organic nitrate containing species (18%). Few health benchmark data exist for limonene-oxidation products. For three multi-functional species where data do exist (IPOH, 4-AMCH and 4-OPA), concentrations are unlikely to be harmful following cleaning in this study. However, indoor measurements of these species, as well as further health benchmark data would be beneficial.

    Research areas

  • Cleaning, Detailed chemical model, Indoor air pollution, Limonene, Multi-functional carbonyl groups

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