A public-private collaboration model of supply chain resilience to unpredictable disruptions: an exploratory empirical case study of medical mask production and distribution

Yung Yi Li, I. Hsuan Hong*, Shu Jung Sunny Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As the COVID-19 pandemic continued unabatedly, many global supply chains involved in manufacturing and distributing personal protective equipment often failed to meet surge demand due to production capacity limits. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the existing medical mask supply chain in Taiwan was decentralized, but immediately following the outbreak in 2020, the government of Taiwan established a centralized virtual company that integrated production, distribution, and sales. We use an exploratory empirical case study to gain insights into Taiwan’s innovative public-private collaboration and the relationship between collaborative activities and supply chain resilience. This paper examines how a ten-fold growth, from 1.88 million to 20 million, in the daily production of medical masks, and their equitable distribution was achieved within four months of the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. The results indicate that the public-private collaboration through a government-led centralized supply chain mitigated the impacts of unpredictable disruptions, built supply chain resilience, and ensured mask availability to the public.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Early online date23 Feb 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • decentralized vs. centralized supply chain
  • medical mask production
  • Public-private collaboration
  • supply chain resilience

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