A Quantitative Comparison of Mortality Models with Jumps: Pre- and Post-COVID Insights on Insurance Pricing

Şule Şahin*, Selin Özen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Population events such as natural disasters, pandemics, extreme weather, and wars might cause jumps that have an immediate impact on mortality rates. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that these events should not be treated as nonrepetitive exogenous interventions. Therefore, mortality models incorporating jump effects are particularly important to capture the adverse mortality shocks. The mortality models with jumps, which we consider in this study, differ in terms of the duration of the jumps–transitory or permanent–the frequency of the jumps, and the size of the jumps. To illustrate the effect of the jumps, we also consider benchmark mortality models without jump effects, such as the Lee-Carter model, Renshaw and Haberman model and Cairns-Blake-Dowd model. We discuss the performance of all the models by analysing their ability to capture the mortality deterioration caused by COVID-19. We use data from different countries to simulate the mortality rates for the pandemic and post-pandemic years and examine their accuracy in forecasting the mortality jumps due to the pandemic. Moreover, we also examine the jump-free and jump models in terms of their impact on insurance pricing, specifically term annuity and life insurance present values calibrated for both pre- and post-COVID data.
Original languageEnglish
Article number53
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 by the authors.

Cite this