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A rapid and efficient mass spectrometric method for the analysis of explosives

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JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
DatePublished - 2002
Issue number19
Volume16
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1883-1891
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The high explosives trinitrotoluene, nitroglycerine, pentaerythritol tetranitrate and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine are efficiently ionised under negative ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation (APCI) conditions. The limit of detection is improved, in some cases by several orders of magnitude, by complexation with chlorine demonstrating this to be a highly suitable method for enhancing the detection capabilities for explosives. The spectra produced from introduction of the analytes in a liquid matrix, with and without chlorine present, contain a number of ions that arise through secondary processes including breakdown and adduct formation. Sample introduction into an APCI source in air, via a heated-plate inlet with a supplementary feed of dichloromethane, produces improved response for the chloride adducts of the analytes. and minimises their decomposition during analysis. The tandem mass spectra produced from the chloride adducts are simple. Optimisation of the trapping parameters of. the ion trap detector enhances selected transitions, yields highly reproducible spectra and improves the limits of detection for MS/MS analysis. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

    Research areas

  • QUATERNARY AMMONIUM PESTICIDES, SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION, MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY, INDUCED DISSOCIATION, ORGANIC EXPLOSIVES, GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY, WATER, RDX

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