The Reservoir Computing (RC) framework states that any non-linear, input-driven dynamical system (the reservoir) exhibiting properties such as a fading memory and input separability can be trained to perform computational tasks. This broad inclusion of systems has led to many new physical substrates for RC. Properties essential for reservoirs to compute are tuned through reconfiguration of the substrate, such as change in virtual topology or physical morphology. As a result, each substrate possesses a unique "quality" --- obtained through reconfiguration --- to realise different reservoirs for different tasks. Here we describe an experimental framework that can be used to characterise the quality of any substrate for RC. Our framework reveals that a definition of quality is not only useful to compare substrates, but can also help map the non-trivial relationship between properties and task performance. And through quality, we may even be able to predict the performance of similarly behaved substrates. Applying the framework, we can explain why a previously investigated carbon nanotube/polymer composite performs modestly on tasks, due to a poor quality. In the wider context, the framework offers a greater understanding to what makes a dynamical system compute, helping improve the design of future substrates for RC.
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Oct 2018|