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A tale of two tells: dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound

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A tale of two tells : dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound. / Orton, David Clive; Anvari, Jana; Gibson, Catriona; Last, Jonathan; Bogaard, Amy; Rosenstock, Eva; Biehl, Peter.

In: Antiquity, Vol. 92, No. 363, 27.06.2018, p. 620-639.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Orton, DC, Anvari, J, Gibson, C, Last, J, Bogaard, A, Rosenstock, E & Biehl, P 2018, 'A tale of two tells: dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound', Antiquity, vol. 92, no. 363, pp. 620-639. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.91

APA

Orton, D. C., Anvari, J., Gibson, C., Last, J., Bogaard, A., Rosenstock, E., & Biehl, P. (2018). A tale of two tells: dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound. Antiquity, 92(363), 620-639. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.91

Vancouver

Orton DC, Anvari J, Gibson C, Last J, Bogaard A, Rosenstock E et al. A tale of two tells: dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound. Antiquity. 2018 Jun 27;92(363):620-639. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.91

Author

Orton, David Clive ; Anvari, Jana ; Gibson, Catriona ; Last, Jonathan ; Bogaard, Amy ; Rosenstock, Eva ; Biehl, Peter. / A tale of two tells : dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound. In: Antiquity. 2018 ; Vol. 92, No. 363. pp. 620-639.

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@article{55bf7c393283446fa89e2ef65e3de8e3,
title = "A tale of two tells: dating the {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k West Mound",
abstract = "The Anatolian Neolithic tell settlement of {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k was investigated by James Mellaart in 1961–65, and by Ian Hodder and others from 1993 to 2017. Located on the Konya Plain, central Turkey, {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k is famed for the densely-packed houses, under-floor burials, and rich symbolic tradition observed over much of the c.1200-year sequence on the intensively studied East Mound. Much less well known is {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k{\textquoteright}s West Mound, subject to smaller-scale excavations by Mellaart and more recently (1998–2013) by various teams. Situated c.200m from the East Mound (Figure 1), across a former course of the {\c C}ar{\c s}amba river, {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k West has traditionally been viewed as a separate, Early Chalcolithic site with an occupation commencing in the early sixth millennium BC, after the abandonment of the East Mound—with or without an intervening hiatus. Here, we present 33 AMS dates that conclusively demonstrate overlap in occupation on the two mounds. We argue that {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k East and West should be seen as a single settlement whose focus of occupation shifted gradually, probably over one or two centuries around the turn of the seventh to sixth millennia BC. The implications of this argument go beyond {\c C}atalh{\"o}y{\"u}k: firstly shedding new light on supra-regional models linking late seventh-millennium settlement disruption to rapid climate change; secondly unsettling the idea of prehistoric tell settlements as discrete, bounded entities.",
keywords = "Neolithic, Chalcolithic, rapid climate change, radiocarbon, central Anatolia, tell settlements, Konya Plain",
author = "Orton, {David Clive} and Jana Anvari and Catriona Gibson and Jonathan Last and Amy Bogaard and Eva Rosenstock and Peter Biehl",
note = "{\textcopyright} Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2018. ",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
day = "27",
doi = "10.15184/aqy.2018.91",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "620--639",
journal = "Antiquity",
issn = "0003-598X",
publisher = "CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS",
number = "363",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A tale of two tells

T2 - dating the Çatalhöyük West Mound

AU - Orton, David Clive

AU - Anvari, Jana

AU - Gibson, Catriona

AU - Last, Jonathan

AU - Bogaard, Amy

AU - Rosenstock, Eva

AU - Biehl, Peter

N1 - © Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2018.

PY - 2018/6/27

Y1 - 2018/6/27

N2 - The Anatolian Neolithic tell settlement of Çatalhöyük was investigated by James Mellaart in 1961–65, and by Ian Hodder and others from 1993 to 2017. Located on the Konya Plain, central Turkey, Çatalhöyük is famed for the densely-packed houses, under-floor burials, and rich symbolic tradition observed over much of the c.1200-year sequence on the intensively studied East Mound. Much less well known is Çatalhöyük’s West Mound, subject to smaller-scale excavations by Mellaart and more recently (1998–2013) by various teams. Situated c.200m from the East Mound (Figure 1), across a former course of the Çarşamba river, Çatalhöyük West has traditionally been viewed as a separate, Early Chalcolithic site with an occupation commencing in the early sixth millennium BC, after the abandonment of the East Mound—with or without an intervening hiatus. Here, we present 33 AMS dates that conclusively demonstrate overlap in occupation on the two mounds. We argue that Çatalhöyük East and West should be seen as a single settlement whose focus of occupation shifted gradually, probably over one or two centuries around the turn of the seventh to sixth millennia BC. The implications of this argument go beyond Çatalhöyük: firstly shedding new light on supra-regional models linking late seventh-millennium settlement disruption to rapid climate change; secondly unsettling the idea of prehistoric tell settlements as discrete, bounded entities.

AB - The Anatolian Neolithic tell settlement of Çatalhöyük was investigated by James Mellaart in 1961–65, and by Ian Hodder and others from 1993 to 2017. Located on the Konya Plain, central Turkey, Çatalhöyük is famed for the densely-packed houses, under-floor burials, and rich symbolic tradition observed over much of the c.1200-year sequence on the intensively studied East Mound. Much less well known is Çatalhöyük’s West Mound, subject to smaller-scale excavations by Mellaart and more recently (1998–2013) by various teams. Situated c.200m from the East Mound (Figure 1), across a former course of the Çarşamba river, Çatalhöyük West has traditionally been viewed as a separate, Early Chalcolithic site with an occupation commencing in the early sixth millennium BC, after the abandonment of the East Mound—with or without an intervening hiatus. Here, we present 33 AMS dates that conclusively demonstrate overlap in occupation on the two mounds. We argue that Çatalhöyük East and West should be seen as a single settlement whose focus of occupation shifted gradually, probably over one or two centuries around the turn of the seventh to sixth millennia BC. The implications of this argument go beyond Çatalhöyük: firstly shedding new light on supra-regional models linking late seventh-millennium settlement disruption to rapid climate change; secondly unsettling the idea of prehistoric tell settlements as discrete, bounded entities.

KW - Neolithic

KW - Chalcolithic

KW - rapid climate change

KW - radiocarbon

KW - central Anatolia

KW - tell settlements

KW - Konya Plain

U2 - 10.15184/aqy.2018.91

DO - 10.15184/aqy.2018.91

M3 - Article

VL - 92

SP - 620

EP - 639

JO - Antiquity

JF - Antiquity

SN - 0003-598X

IS - 363

ER -