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Acetate non-utilizing mutants of Arabidopsis: evidence that organic acids influence carbohydrate perception in germinating seedlings

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JournalMOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
DatePublished - Apr 2004
Issue number3
Volume271
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)249-256
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

A phenotypic screen was employed to isolate Arabidopsis plants that are deficient in their ability to utilize or sense acetate. The screening strategy, based on resistance to the toxic acetate analogue monofluoroacetic acid, was adapted from one that has been used successfully to identify important metabolic and regulatory genes involved in acetate metabolism in fungi. Following conventions established from the fungal work, the mutants were called acn mutants for ac etate n on-utilization. Three highly resistant plant lines were the focus of genetic and physiological studies. Mutant acn1 appears to be a true acetate non-utilizing mutant, as it displays increased sensitivity to exogenous acetate. The progeny of the original acn2 mutant did not germinate, even in the presence of sucrose as an exogenous carbon source. The germination of seeds from the F3 generation depended on the sucrose concentration in the medium. Only a small proportion of seeds germinated in the absence of exogenous sucrose and in the presence of 100 mM sucrose, but up to 70% of seeds germinated on 20 mM sucrose. Mutant acn3 exhibited sensitivity to exogenous sucrose, showing significant chlorosis on medium containing 20 mM sucrose, but no chlorosis when grown in the absence of exogenous sucrose. This phenotype was alleviated if acetate was provided. The acn mutants demonstrate that disrupting organic acid utilization can have profound affects on carbohydrate metabolism.

    Research areas

  • acetate, Arabidopsis, fluoroacetate, germination, metabolic signaling, REGULATORY GENE FACB, ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS, NONUTILIZING MUTANTS, NEUROSPORA-CRASSA, EXPRESSION, GROWTH, PLANTS, METABOLISM, COMATOSE, PROTEIN

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