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Active root-inhabiting microbes identified by rapid incorporation of plant-derived carbon into RNA

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JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
DatePublished - 23 Oct 2007
Issue number43
Volume104
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)16970-16975
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Plant roots harbor a large diversity of microorganisms that have an essential role in ecosystem functioning. To better understand the level of intimacy of root-inhabiting microbes such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacteria, we provided (CO2)-C-13 to plants at atmospheric concentration during a 5-h pulse. We expected microbes dependent on a carbon flux from their host plant to become rapidly labeled. We showed that a wide variety of microbes occurred in roots, mostly previously unknown. Strikingly, the greatest part of this unsuspected diversity corresponded to active primary consumers. We found 17 bacterial phylotypes co-occurring within roots of a single plant, including five potentially new phylotypes. Fourteen phylotypes were heavily labeled with the C-13. Eight were phylogenetically close to Burkholderiales, which encompass known symbionts; the others were potentially new bacterial root symbionts. By analyzing unlabeled and C-13-enriched RNAs, we demonstrated differential activity in C consumption among these root-inhabiting microbes. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal RNAs were heavily labeled, confirming the high carbon flux from the plant to the fungal compartment, but some of the fungi present appeared to be much more active than others. The results presented here reveal the possibility of uncharacterized root symbioses.

    Research areas

  • ribosomal RNA, stable isotope probing, symbiosis, arbuscular mycorrhiza, endophytes, ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI, DIVERSITY, SOIL, ASSOCIATION, ECOSYSTEM, BACTERIA, FIELD, DNA

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