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Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments

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Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments. / Dutilleul, Morgan; Réale, Denis; Goussen, Benoit; Lecomte, Catherine; Galas, Simon; Bonzom, Jean-Marc.

In: Evolutionary applications, Vol. 10, No. 8, 01.09.2017, p. 839-851.

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Harvard

Dutilleul, M, Réale, D, Goussen, B, Lecomte, C, Galas, S & Bonzom, J-M 2017, 'Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments', Evolutionary applications, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 839-851. https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12510

APA

Dutilleul, M., Réale, D., Goussen, B., Lecomte, C., Galas, S., & Bonzom, J-M. (2017). Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments. Evolutionary applications, 10(8), 839-851. https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12510

Vancouver

Dutilleul M, Réale D, Goussen B, Lecomte C, Galas S, Bonzom J-M. Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments. Evolutionary applications. 2017 Sep 1;10(8):839-851. https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12510

Author

Dutilleul, Morgan ; Réale, Denis ; Goussen, Benoit ; Lecomte, Catherine ; Galas, Simon ; Bonzom, Jean-Marc. / Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments. In: Evolutionary applications. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 8. pp. 839-851.

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@article{f025b6c138044d4282989a5dd7e48956,
title = "Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments",
abstract = "Some populations quickly adapt to strong and novel selection pressures caused by anthropogenic stressors. However, this short-term evolutionary response to novel and harsh environmental conditions may lead to adaptation costs, and evaluating these costs is important if we want to understand the evolution of resistance to anthropogenic stressors. In this experimental evolution study, we exposed Caenorhabditis elegans populations to uranium (U populations), salt (NaCl populations) and alternating uranium/salt treatments (U/NaCl populations) and to a control environment (C populations), over 22 generations. In parallel, we ran common-garden and reciprocal-transplant experiments to assess the adaptive costs for populations that have evolved in the different environmental conditions. Our results showed rapid evolutionary changes in life history characteristics of populations exposed to the different pollution regimes. Furthermore, adaptive costs depended on the type of pollutant: pollution-adapted populations had lower fitness than C populations, when the populations were returned to their original environment. Fitness in uranium environments was lower for NaCl populations than for U populations. In contrast, fitness in salt environments was similar between U and NaCl populations. Moreover, fitness of U/NaCl populations showed similar or higher fitness in both the uranium and the salt environments compared to populations adapted to constant uranium or salt environments. Our results show that adaptive evolution to a particular stressor can lead to either adaptive costs or benefits once in contact with another stressor. Furthermore, we did not find any evidence that adaptation to alternating stressors was associated with additional adaption costs. This study highlights the need to incorporate adaptive cost assessments when undertaking ecological risk assessments of pollutants.",
keywords = "adaptation costs, Caenorhabditis elegans, evolution towards generalism, experimental evolution, life history strategy, pollution, resistance, salt, uranium",
author = "Morgan Dutilleul and Denis R{\'e}ale and Benoit Goussen and Catherine Lecomte and Simon Galas and Jean-Marc Bonzom",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2017 The Author",
year = "2017",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/eva.12510",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "839--851",
journal = "Evolutionary applications",
issn = "1752-4571",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments

AU - Dutilleul, Morgan

AU - Réale, Denis

AU - Goussen, Benoit

AU - Lecomte, Catherine

AU - Galas, Simon

AU - Bonzom, Jean-Marc

N1 - © 2017 The Author

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Some populations quickly adapt to strong and novel selection pressures caused by anthropogenic stressors. However, this short-term evolutionary response to novel and harsh environmental conditions may lead to adaptation costs, and evaluating these costs is important if we want to understand the evolution of resistance to anthropogenic stressors. In this experimental evolution study, we exposed Caenorhabditis elegans populations to uranium (U populations), salt (NaCl populations) and alternating uranium/salt treatments (U/NaCl populations) and to a control environment (C populations), over 22 generations. In parallel, we ran common-garden and reciprocal-transplant experiments to assess the adaptive costs for populations that have evolved in the different environmental conditions. Our results showed rapid evolutionary changes in life history characteristics of populations exposed to the different pollution regimes. Furthermore, adaptive costs depended on the type of pollutant: pollution-adapted populations had lower fitness than C populations, when the populations were returned to their original environment. Fitness in uranium environments was lower for NaCl populations than for U populations. In contrast, fitness in salt environments was similar between U and NaCl populations. Moreover, fitness of U/NaCl populations showed similar or higher fitness in both the uranium and the salt environments compared to populations adapted to constant uranium or salt environments. Our results show that adaptive evolution to a particular stressor can lead to either adaptive costs or benefits once in contact with another stressor. Furthermore, we did not find any evidence that adaptation to alternating stressors was associated with additional adaption costs. This study highlights the need to incorporate adaptive cost assessments when undertaking ecological risk assessments of pollutants.

AB - Some populations quickly adapt to strong and novel selection pressures caused by anthropogenic stressors. However, this short-term evolutionary response to novel and harsh environmental conditions may lead to adaptation costs, and evaluating these costs is important if we want to understand the evolution of resistance to anthropogenic stressors. In this experimental evolution study, we exposed Caenorhabditis elegans populations to uranium (U populations), salt (NaCl populations) and alternating uranium/salt treatments (U/NaCl populations) and to a control environment (C populations), over 22 generations. In parallel, we ran common-garden and reciprocal-transplant experiments to assess the adaptive costs for populations that have evolved in the different environmental conditions. Our results showed rapid evolutionary changes in life history characteristics of populations exposed to the different pollution regimes. Furthermore, adaptive costs depended on the type of pollutant: pollution-adapted populations had lower fitness than C populations, when the populations were returned to their original environment. Fitness in uranium environments was lower for NaCl populations than for U populations. In contrast, fitness in salt environments was similar between U and NaCl populations. Moreover, fitness of U/NaCl populations showed similar or higher fitness in both the uranium and the salt environments compared to populations adapted to constant uranium or salt environments. Our results show that adaptive evolution to a particular stressor can lead to either adaptive costs or benefits once in contact with another stressor. Furthermore, we did not find any evidence that adaptation to alternating stressors was associated with additional adaption costs. This study highlights the need to incorporate adaptive cost assessments when undertaking ecological risk assessments of pollutants.

KW - adaptation costs

KW - Caenorhabditis elegans

KW - evolution towards generalism

KW - experimental evolution

KW - life history strategy

KW - pollution

KW - resistance

KW - salt

KW - uranium

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033468925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/eva.12510

DO - 10.1111/eva.12510

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85033468925

VL - 10

SP - 839

EP - 851

JO - Evolutionary applications

JF - Evolutionary applications

SN - 1752-4571

IS - 8

ER -