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Adduction of solvent molecules by ions isolated within an ion trap mass spectrometer under atmospheric pressure ionisation conditions

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JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
DatePublished - 2007
Issue number15
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)2491-2496
Original languageEnglish


Benzylpyridine and papaverine, an alkyl quinoline, both produce product ions containing an azepinium ring during atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation or electrospray multistage mass spectrometry. By controlling the trapping conditions, an isolated azepinium ion was held within the trap for an extended period of time without excitation. A subsequent analytical scan revealed a mass spectrum containing ions at two mass-to-charge (m/z) ratios, the first at the m/z of the isolated product ion and the second at an m/z ratio corresponding to the adduction of a molecule of solvent. Isolation and resonance excitation of the adduct ion remove the solvent molecule, resulting in recovery of the azepinium ion at the same signal intensity as the adduct ion. Isolating and trapping the ion for a further period allowed the solvent adduct ion to be re-formed. Modulation of the solvent flowing into the source while the ion was trapped allowed variation in the solvent molecule adducted to the trapped ion. The proportion of the ion current due to the adduct ion depends on the nature of the isolated ion, the proton affinity of the solvent and the length of time for which the ion was trapped. Adduct ion formation, deliberately maximised in this study, can occur to a significant extent under standard ion trap operating conditions, reducing the ion current of product ions of interest and, ultimately, the response in tandem mass spectrometric assays. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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