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Advances in plant materials, food by-products, and algae conversion into biofuels: Use of environmentally friendly technologies

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  • Mohammad Hassan Kamani
  • Ismail Eş
  • Jose M. Lorenzo
  • Fabienne Remize
  • Elena Roselló-Soto
  • Francisco J. Barba
  • James Clark
  • Amin Mousavi Khaneghah


Publication details

JournalGreen Chemistry
DateAccepted/In press - 17 Apr 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 17 Apr 2019
DatePublished (current) - 21 Jun 2019
Issue number12
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)3213-3231
Early online date17/04/19
Original languageEnglish


Green technologies have emerged as useful tools for the generation of clean fuels with the potential to minimize the effect of human activity on the environment. Currently, these fuels are mainly composed of hydrocarbons obtained from crude oil. Over the past two decades, biomass has gained significant attention as a renewable feedstock for more sustainable biofuel production and has been a great candidate to replace fossil fuels. The principal components of most of the available biomass are cellulose, hemi-cellulose, and lignin. Although the available green technologies for biofuel production are progressing rapidly, productivity and chemical yield from these techniques are still below the required values. Therefore, there is a need for interdisciplinary studies to meet the requirements for more global and efficient production by streamlining processes, integrating technologies and achieving techno-economic improvements. In this context, we aim to give an overview of available biomass such as agricultural wastes suitable for the generation of different classes of biofuels including next-generation biofuels. Unfortunately, expensive, wasteful and energy-consuming pretreatment processes are still used. Therefore, novel technologies that allow a more efficient separation with low resource consumption and the generation of a low number of residues are required. In this regard, novel technologies such as efficient fractionation techniques and genetic and metabolic engineering including the application of CRISPR/Cas tools, as well as microfluidic platforms to improve the overall yield of biofuel production are discussed.

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2019. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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