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An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK

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An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK. / Bradshaw, Jonathan Richard; Holmes, John.

In: Journal of Social Policy, Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 39-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Bradshaw, JR & Holmes, J 2013, 'An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK', Journal of Social Policy, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279412000578

APA

Bradshaw, J. R., & Holmes, J. (2013). An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK. Journal of Social Policy, 42(1), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279412000578

Vancouver

Bradshaw JR, Holmes J. An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK. Journal of Social Policy. 2013 Jan;42(1):39-56. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279412000578

Author

Bradshaw, Jonathan Richard ; Holmes, John. / An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK. In: Journal of Social Policy. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 1. pp. 39-56.

Bibtex - Download

@article{61f0c59ffe9d4921a2b68d6b7d2d67c9,
title = "An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK",
abstract = "In The Pinch, David Willetts (2010: xv) attracted attention by asking whether {\textquoteleft}the boomers have been guilty of a monumental failure to protect the interest of future generations{\textquoteright}. This was just the latest contribution to a long running concern of social policy analysts about horizontal equity and generational fairness. Using OECD data from 1980–2007, in the first part of this paper we show that there is no evidence that social expenditure has been shifting in favour of the retired at the expense of children, except perhaps recently in some Nordic countries. For the UK, we have created a time-series using the published articles since 1977 and the micro data sets since 1994/5 from the annual Office for National Statistics analyses of the Effect of Taxes and Benefits on Household Incomes and used it to analyse trends in the redistributive impact of cash benefits, direct and indirect taxes and services on the retired and households with children and across the income distribution. The analysis shows how the relative support for the retired versus children has changed over time, which elements have contributed to the changes and for which part of the income distribution. There has been a small shift in final income in favour of the retired but it was not the result of changes in taxes, benefits or services in kind but rather a change in the original income distribution in favour of the retired.",
author = "Bradshaw, {Jonathan Richard} and John Holmes",
year = "2013",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1017/S0047279412000578",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "39--56",
journal = "Journal of Social Policy",
issn = "0047-2794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - An analysis of equity in redistribution to the retired and children over recent decades in the OECD and the UK

AU - Bradshaw, Jonathan Richard

AU - Holmes, John

PY - 2013/1

Y1 - 2013/1

N2 - In The Pinch, David Willetts (2010: xv) attracted attention by asking whether ‘the boomers have been guilty of a monumental failure to protect the interest of future generations’. This was just the latest contribution to a long running concern of social policy analysts about horizontal equity and generational fairness. Using OECD data from 1980–2007, in the first part of this paper we show that there is no evidence that social expenditure has been shifting in favour of the retired at the expense of children, except perhaps recently in some Nordic countries. For the UK, we have created a time-series using the published articles since 1977 and the micro data sets since 1994/5 from the annual Office for National Statistics analyses of the Effect of Taxes and Benefits on Household Incomes and used it to analyse trends in the redistributive impact of cash benefits, direct and indirect taxes and services on the retired and households with children and across the income distribution. The analysis shows how the relative support for the retired versus children has changed over time, which elements have contributed to the changes and for which part of the income distribution. There has been a small shift in final income in favour of the retired but it was not the result of changes in taxes, benefits or services in kind but rather a change in the original income distribution in favour of the retired.

AB - In The Pinch, David Willetts (2010: xv) attracted attention by asking whether ‘the boomers have been guilty of a monumental failure to protect the interest of future generations’. This was just the latest contribution to a long running concern of social policy analysts about horizontal equity and generational fairness. Using OECD data from 1980–2007, in the first part of this paper we show that there is no evidence that social expenditure has been shifting in favour of the retired at the expense of children, except perhaps recently in some Nordic countries. For the UK, we have created a time-series using the published articles since 1977 and the micro data sets since 1994/5 from the annual Office for National Statistics analyses of the Effect of Taxes and Benefits on Household Incomes and used it to analyse trends in the redistributive impact of cash benefits, direct and indirect taxes and services on the retired and households with children and across the income distribution. The analysis shows how the relative support for the retired versus children has changed over time, which elements have contributed to the changes and for which part of the income distribution. There has been a small shift in final income in favour of the retired but it was not the result of changes in taxes, benefits or services in kind but rather a change in the original income distribution in favour of the retired.

U2 - 10.1017/S0047279412000578

DO - 10.1017/S0047279412000578

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 39

EP - 56

JO - Journal of Social Policy

JF - Journal of Social Policy

SN - 0047-2794

IS - 1

ER -