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From the same journal

An Arabidopsis mutant impaired in coenzyme a biosynthesis is sugar dependent for seedling establishment

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Author(s)

  • S Rubio
  • T R Larson
  • M Gonzalez-Guzman
  • S Alejandro
  • I A Graham
  • R Serrano
  • P L Rodriguez

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalPlant Physiology
DatePublished - Mar 2006
Issue number3
Volume140
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)830-843
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Once the plant coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthetic pathway has been elucidated by comparative genomics, it is feasible to analyze the physiological relevance of CoA biosynthesis in plant life. To this end, we have identified and characterized Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana) T-DNA knockout mutants of two CoA biosynthetic genes, HAL3A and HAL3B. The HAL3A gene encodes a 4'-phosphopantothenoyl-cysteine decarboxilase that generates 4'-phosphopantetheine. A second gene, HAL3B, whose gene product is 86% identical to that of HAL3A, is present in the Arabidopsis genome. HAL3A appears to have a predominant role over HAL3B according to their respective mRNA expression levels. The hal3a-1, hal3a-2, and hal3b mutants were viable and showed a similar growth rate as that in wild-type plants; in contrast, a hal3a-1 hal3b double mutant was embryo lethal. Unexpectedly, seedlings that were null for HAL3A and heterozygous for HAL3B (aaBb genotype) displayed a sucrose (Suc)-dependent phenotype for seedling establishment, which is in common with mutants defective in beta-oxidation. This phenotype was genetically complemented in aaBB siblings of the progeny and chemically complemented by pantethine. In contrast, seedling establishment of Aabb plants was not Suc dependent, proving a predominant role of HAL3A over HAL3B at this stage. Total fatty acid and acyl-CoA measurements of 5-d-old aaBb seedlings in medium lacking Suc revealed stalled storage lipid catabolism and impaired CoA biosynthesis; in particular, acetyl-CoA levels were reduced by approximately 80%. Taken together, these results provide in vivo evidence for the function of HAL3A and HAL3B, and they point out the critical role of CoA biosynthesis during early postgerminative growth.

    Research areas

  • ACID BETA-OXIDATION, BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION, PANTOTHENATE KINASE, GLYOXYLATE CYCLE, SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION, LIPID MOBILIZATION, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, HIGHER-PLANTS, THALIANA

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