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An homologous series of 6-O-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses: synthesis and thermotropic mesomorphic properties

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Author(s)

  • P Bault
  • P Gode
  • G Goethals
  • J W Goodby
  • J A Haley
  • S M Kelly
  • G H Mehl
  • G Ronco
  • P Villa

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalLIQUID CRYSTALS
DatePublished - Feb 1998
Issue number2
Volume24
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)283-293
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

An homologous series of 6-O-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses has been prepared. The length of the terminal chains has been varied systematically and the effect on the liquid crystal transition temperatures studied. Most homologues of the series exhibit enantiotropic smectic A* phases. X-ray analysis indicates a lamellar structure for the smectic A* phase with hydrogen-bonded carbohydrate cores at the layer centre, either with no interdigitation of the tilted terminal alkyl chains but with a high degree of chain melting, or with some degree of chain intercalation. The 6-O-n-alkyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoses possess clearing points at higher temperatures than those of the corresponding n-alkyl alpha-D-galactopyranosides. The introduction of a higher degree of hydrogen bonding by the replacement of the oxygen atom in the ether linkage between the chain and the carbohydrate ring by an amide linkage leads to higher transition temperatures. The dependence of the liquid crystalline behaviour on the position of the same alkyl substituent and the nature of the sugar in the pyranose form, as well as on the anomeric configuration of the liquid crystalline carbohydrates with four hydroxy groups, is reported.

    Research areas

  • CARBOHYDRATE LIQUID-CRYSTALS, MESOGENS, DERIVATIVES, GLYCOSIDES, BEHAVIOR, ESTERS

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