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An index of need for psychiatric services based on in-patient utilisation

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Publication details

JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
DatePublished - Sep 1996
Issue number3
Volume169
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)308-316
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background. The paper describes the development of an index of the relative need for psychiatric services for the purposes of distributing NHS funds in England.

Method. The study is based on an empirical analysis of all psychiatric in-patient completed episodes in England in 1991/92. Any index of need should be independent of the effect of variations in health care supply on the use of psychiatric services. In order to disentangle the influences of supply from social and clinical determinants of utilisation, two stage least squares regression and multilevel modelling techniques were used. Results. The outcome was an index comprising six health and socio-economic variables, This is now being used by the NHS Executive to distribute about pound 2.2 billion of annual NHS expenditure for psychiatric services between English health authorities.

Conclusion. It is shown that the index is much more sensitive to needs and therefore more redistributive than the previous index of need used in the NHS.

    Research areas

  • SMALL-AREA ANALYSIS, SOCIAL DEPRIVATION, ALLOCATING RESOURCES, HEALTH AUTHORITIES, INPATIENT SERVICES, UNEMPLOYMENT, DISORDERS, ADMISSION, RATES

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