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An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality

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An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality. / Jones, Andrew Michael; Bijwaard, Govert.

In: Empirical Economics, Vol. 57, No. 1, 07.2019, p. 129-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Jones, AM & Bijwaard, G 2019, 'An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality', Empirical Economics, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 129-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9

APA

Jones, A. M., & Bijwaard, G. (2019). An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality. Empirical Economics, 57(1), 129-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9

Vancouver

Jones AM, Bijwaard G. An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality. Empirical Economics. 2019 Jul;57(1):129-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9

Author

Jones, Andrew Michael ; Bijwaard, Govert. / An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality. In: Empirical Economics. 2019 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 129-175.

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@article{bacd74c25b65467a835dd67083a1a8d9,
title = "An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality",
abstract = "Large differences in mortality rates across those with different levels of education are a well-established fact. Cognitive ability may be affected by education so that it becomes a mediating factor in the causal chain. In this paper, we estimate the impact of education on mortality using inverse-probability-weighted (IPW) estimators. We develop an IPW estimator to analyse the mediating effect in the context of survival models. Our estimates are based on administrative data, on men born between 1944 and 1947 who were examined for military service in the Netherlands between 1961 and 1965, linked to national death records. For these men, we distinguish four education levels and we make pairwise comparisons. The results show that levels of education have hardly any impact on the mortality rate. Using the mediation method, we only find a significant effect of education on mortality running through cognitive ability, for the lowest education group that amounts to a 15{\%} reduction in the mortality rate. For the highest education group, we find a significant effect of education on mortality through other pathways of 12{\%}.",
keywords = "Education, Inverse probability weighting, Mediators, Mixed proportional hazard, Mortality",
author = "Jones, {Andrew Michael} and Govert Bijwaard",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2018.",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "129--175",
journal = "Empirical Economics",
issn = "0377-7332",
publisher = "Physica-Verlag",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - An IPW estimator for mediation effects in hazard models: with an application to schooling, cognitive ability and mortality

AU - Jones, Andrew Michael

AU - Bijwaard, Govert

N1 - © The Author(s) 2018.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Large differences in mortality rates across those with different levels of education are a well-established fact. Cognitive ability may be affected by education so that it becomes a mediating factor in the causal chain. In this paper, we estimate the impact of education on mortality using inverse-probability-weighted (IPW) estimators. We develop an IPW estimator to analyse the mediating effect in the context of survival models. Our estimates are based on administrative data, on men born between 1944 and 1947 who were examined for military service in the Netherlands between 1961 and 1965, linked to national death records. For these men, we distinguish four education levels and we make pairwise comparisons. The results show that levels of education have hardly any impact on the mortality rate. Using the mediation method, we only find a significant effect of education on mortality running through cognitive ability, for the lowest education group that amounts to a 15% reduction in the mortality rate. For the highest education group, we find a significant effect of education on mortality through other pathways of 12%.

AB - Large differences in mortality rates across those with different levels of education are a well-established fact. Cognitive ability may be affected by education so that it becomes a mediating factor in the causal chain. In this paper, we estimate the impact of education on mortality using inverse-probability-weighted (IPW) estimators. We develop an IPW estimator to analyse the mediating effect in the context of survival models. Our estimates are based on administrative data, on men born between 1944 and 1947 who were examined for military service in the Netherlands between 1961 and 1965, linked to national death records. For these men, we distinguish four education levels and we make pairwise comparisons. The results show that levels of education have hardly any impact on the mortality rate. Using the mediation method, we only find a significant effect of education on mortality running through cognitive ability, for the lowest education group that amounts to a 15% reduction in the mortality rate. For the highest education group, we find a significant effect of education on mortality through other pathways of 12%.

KW - Education

KW - Inverse probability weighting

KW - Mediators

KW - Mixed proportional hazard

KW - Mortality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047432867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9

DO - 10.1007/s00181-018-1432-9

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 129

EP - 175

JO - Empirical Economics

T2 - Empirical Economics

JF - Empirical Economics

SN - 0377-7332

IS - 1

ER -