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Ancient goat genomes reveal mosaic domestication in the Fertile Crescent

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  • Kevin Daly
  • Pierpaolo Maisano Delser
  • Victoria Mullin
  • Amelie Scheu
  • Valeria Mattiangeli
  • Andrew Hare
  • Joachim Burger
  • Marta Pereira Verdugo
  • Ron Kehati
  • Cevdet Merih Erek
  • Guy Bar-Oz
  • François Pompanon
  • Tristan Cumer
  • Canan Çakirlar
  • Azadeh Fatemah Mohaseb
  • Delphine Decruyenaere
  • Hossein Davoudi
  • Özlem Çevik
  • Gary Rollefson
  • Jean-Denis Vigne
  • Khazaeli Roya
  • Homa Fathi
  • Sanaz Beizaee Doost
  • Roghayeh Rahimi Sorkhani
  • Ali Akbar Vahdati
  • Eberhard W. Sauer
  • Hossein Azizi Kharanaghi
  • Sepideh Maziar
  • Boris Gasparian
  • Ron Pinhasi
  • Louise Martin
  • Benjamin S. Arbuckle
  • Norbert Benecke
  • Andrea Manica
  • Liora Kolska Horwitz
  • Marjan Mashkour
  • Daniel Bradley


Publication details

DateAccepted/In press - 4 Jun 2018
DatePublished (current) - 6 Jul 2018
Issue number6397
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)85-88
Original languageEnglish


Current genetic data are equivocal as to whether goat domestication occurred multiple times
or was a singular process. We generated genomic data from 83 ancient goats (51 with genome-wide coverage), from Palaeolithic through to Medieval contexts throughout the Near East. Our results demonstrate that multiple divergent ancient wild goat sources were domesticated in a dispersed process, resulting in genetically and geographically-distinct Neolithic goat populations, echoing contemporaneous human divergence across the region. These early goat populations contributed differently to modern goats in Asia, Africa and Europe. We also detect early selection for pigmentation, stature, reproduction, milking and response to dietary change, providing 8,000 year old evidence for human agency in moulding genome variation within a partner species.

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© 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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