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From the same journal

Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem

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Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. / Probert, James; Parr, Kate; Holdo, Ricardo M.; Anderson, T; Archibald, Sally; Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin John; Dobson, Andrew; Donaldson, Jason E; Hempson, Gareth P; Hopcraft, Grant; Morrison, Thomas A.; Beale, Colin Michael.

In: Global Change Biology, 01.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Probert, J, Parr, K, Holdo, RM, Anderson, T, Archibald, S, Courtney-Mustaphi, CJ, Dobson, A, Donaldson, JE, Hempson, GP, Hopcraft, G, Morrison, TA & Beale, CM 2019, 'Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem', Global Change Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14711

APA

Probert, J., Parr, K., Holdo, R. M., Anderson, T., Archibald, S., Courtney-Mustaphi, C. J., Dobson, A., Donaldson, J. E., Hempson, G. P., Hopcraft, G., Morrison, T. A., & Beale, C. M. (2019). Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. Global Change Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14711

Vancouver

Probert J, Parr K, Holdo RM, Anderson T, Archibald S, Courtney-Mustaphi CJ et al. Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. Global Change Biology. 2019 Oct 1. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14711

Author

Probert, James ; Parr, Kate ; Holdo, Ricardo M. ; Anderson, T ; Archibald, Sally ; Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin John ; Dobson, Andrew ; Donaldson, Jason E ; Hempson, Gareth P ; Hopcraft, Grant ; Morrison, Thomas A. ; Beale, Colin Michael. / Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. In: Global Change Biology. 2019.

Bibtex - Download

@article{27faa2cc13904b75aa552e334cd09949,
title = "Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem",
abstract = "Fire is a key driver in savannah systems and widely used as a land management tool. Intensifying human land uses are leading to rapid changes in the fire regimes, with consequences for ecosystem functioning and composition. We undertake a novel analysis describing spatial patterns in the fire regime of the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, document multidecadal temporal changes, and investigate the factors underlying these patterns. We used MODIS active fire and burned area products from 2001-2014 to identify individual fires; summarising four characteristics for each detected fire: size, ignition date, time since last fire, and radiative power. Using satellite imagery, we estimated the rate of change in the density of livestock bomas as a proxy for livestock density. We used these metrics to model drivers of variation in the four fire characteristics, as well as total number of fires and total area burned. Fires in the Serengeti-Mara show high spatial variability - with number of fires and ignition date mirroring mean annual precipitation. The short term effect of rainfall decreases fire size and intensity but cumulative rainfall over several years leads to increased standing grass biomass and fuel loads, and therefore in larger and hotter fires. Our study reveals dramatic changes over time, with a reduction in total number of fires and total area burned. We suggest that increasing livestock numbers are driving this decline, presumably by inhibiting fire spread. Fire plays a crucial role in modulating spatial heterogeneity and in savannahs and some areas now experience virtually no fire. These temporal patterns are part of a global decline in total area burned, especially in savannahs, and we caution that healthy ecosystem functioning may have been compromised. Land managers and policy formulators need to factor in rapid fire regime modifications to achieve management objectives and maintain the integrity of savannah ecosystems",
keywords = "Serengeti, conservation, fire regime, management, overgrazing, protected areas, savannah",
author = "James Probert and Kate Parr and Holdo, {Ricardo M.} and T Anderson and Sally Archibald and Courtney-Mustaphi, {Colin John} and Andrew Dobson and Donaldson, {Jason E} and Hempson, {Gareth P} and Grant Hopcraft and Morrison, {Thomas A.} and Beale, {Colin Michael}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 The Authors",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcb.14711",
language = "English",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anthropogenic modifications to fire regimes in the wider Serengeti-Mara ecosystem

AU - Probert, James

AU - Parr, Kate

AU - Holdo, Ricardo M.

AU - Anderson, T

AU - Archibald, Sally

AU - Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin John

AU - Dobson, Andrew

AU - Donaldson, Jason E

AU - Hempson, Gareth P

AU - Hopcraft, Grant

AU - Morrison, Thomas A.

AU - Beale, Colin Michael

N1 - © 2019 The Authors

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Fire is a key driver in savannah systems and widely used as a land management tool. Intensifying human land uses are leading to rapid changes in the fire regimes, with consequences for ecosystem functioning and composition. We undertake a novel analysis describing spatial patterns in the fire regime of the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, document multidecadal temporal changes, and investigate the factors underlying these patterns. We used MODIS active fire and burned area products from 2001-2014 to identify individual fires; summarising four characteristics for each detected fire: size, ignition date, time since last fire, and radiative power. Using satellite imagery, we estimated the rate of change in the density of livestock bomas as a proxy for livestock density. We used these metrics to model drivers of variation in the four fire characteristics, as well as total number of fires and total area burned. Fires in the Serengeti-Mara show high spatial variability - with number of fires and ignition date mirroring mean annual precipitation. The short term effect of rainfall decreases fire size and intensity but cumulative rainfall over several years leads to increased standing grass biomass and fuel loads, and therefore in larger and hotter fires. Our study reveals dramatic changes over time, with a reduction in total number of fires and total area burned. We suggest that increasing livestock numbers are driving this decline, presumably by inhibiting fire spread. Fire plays a crucial role in modulating spatial heterogeneity and in savannahs and some areas now experience virtually no fire. These temporal patterns are part of a global decline in total area burned, especially in savannahs, and we caution that healthy ecosystem functioning may have been compromised. Land managers and policy formulators need to factor in rapid fire regime modifications to achieve management objectives and maintain the integrity of savannah ecosystems

AB - Fire is a key driver in savannah systems and widely used as a land management tool. Intensifying human land uses are leading to rapid changes in the fire regimes, with consequences for ecosystem functioning and composition. We undertake a novel analysis describing spatial patterns in the fire regime of the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, document multidecadal temporal changes, and investigate the factors underlying these patterns. We used MODIS active fire and burned area products from 2001-2014 to identify individual fires; summarising four characteristics for each detected fire: size, ignition date, time since last fire, and radiative power. Using satellite imagery, we estimated the rate of change in the density of livestock bomas as a proxy for livestock density. We used these metrics to model drivers of variation in the four fire characteristics, as well as total number of fires and total area burned. Fires in the Serengeti-Mara show high spatial variability - with number of fires and ignition date mirroring mean annual precipitation. The short term effect of rainfall decreases fire size and intensity but cumulative rainfall over several years leads to increased standing grass biomass and fuel loads, and therefore in larger and hotter fires. Our study reveals dramatic changes over time, with a reduction in total number of fires and total area burned. We suggest that increasing livestock numbers are driving this decline, presumably by inhibiting fire spread. Fire plays a crucial role in modulating spatial heterogeneity and in savannahs and some areas now experience virtually no fire. These temporal patterns are part of a global decline in total area burned, especially in savannahs, and we caution that healthy ecosystem functioning may have been compromised. Land managers and policy formulators need to factor in rapid fire regime modifications to achieve management objectives and maintain the integrity of savannah ecosystems

KW - Serengeti

KW - conservation

KW - fire regime

KW - management

KW - overgrazing

KW - protected areas

KW - savannah

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068645336&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.14711

DO - 10.1111/gcb.14711

M3 - Article

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

ER -