Application of Machine Learning for the Spatial Analysis of Binaural Room Impulse Responses

Michael James Lovedee-Turner, Damian Thomas Murphy

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Spatial impulse response analysis techniques are commonly used in the field of acoustics, as they help to characterise the interaction of sound with an enclosed environment. This paper presents a novel approach for spatial analyses of binaural impulse responses, using a binaural model fronted neural network. The proposed method uses binaural cues utilised by the human auditory system, which are mapped by the neural network to the azimuth direction of arrival classes. A cascade-correlation neural network was trained using a multi-conditional training dataset of head-related impulse responses with added noise. The neural network is tested using a set of binaural impulse responses captured using two dummy head microphones in an anechoic chamber, with a reflective boundary positioned to produce a reflection with a known direction of arrival. Results showed that the neural network was generalisable for the direct sound of the binaural room impulse responses for both dummy head microphones. However, it was found to be less accurate at predicting the direction of arrival of the reflections. The work indicates the potential of using such an algorithm for the spatial analysis of binaural impulse responses, while indicating where the method applied needs to be made more robust for more general application.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105
Number of pages19
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2018

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© 2018 by the authors.

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