AraLeTA: An Arabidopsis leaf expression atlas across diurnal and developmental scales

Daphne Ezer, Gina Vong, William Claydon, Kayla McCarthy, Ethan Redmond, Seth Jon Davis

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Mature plant leaves are a composite of distinct cell types, including epidermal, mesophyll and vascular cells. Notably the proportion of these cells, and the relative transcript concentrations within different cell types, may change over time. While gene expression data at a single-cell level can provide cell-type-specific expression values, it is often too expensive to obtain this data for high-resolution time series. Although bulk RNA-seq can be performed in a high-resolution time series, RNA-seq using whole leaves measures average gene expression values across all cell types in each sample. In this study, we combined single-cell RNA-seq data with time-series data from whole leaves to assemble an atlas of cell-type-specific changes in gene expression over time for Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). We inferred how the relative transcript concentrations of different cell types vary across diurnal and developmental time scales. Importantly, this analysis revealed three sub-groups of mesophyll cells with distinct temporal profiles of expression. Finally, we developed tissue-specific gene networks that form a community resource: An Arabidopsis Leaf Time-Dependent Atlas (AraLeTa). This allows users to extract gene networks that are confirmed by transcription factor binding data and specific to certain cell types at certain times of day and at certain developmental stages. AraLeTa is available at:
Original languageEnglish
Article numberkiae117
JournalPlant Physiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 9 Feb 2024

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