By the same authors

From the same journal

From the same journal

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming. / Gosling, P ; Hodge, A ; Goodlass, G ; Bending, G D .

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 113, No. 1-4, 04.2006, p. 17-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Harvard

Gosling, P, Hodge, A, Goodlass, G & Bending, GD 2006, 'Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming', Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 113, no. 1-4, pp. 17-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009

APA

Gosling, P., Hodge, A., Goodlass, G., & Bending, G. D. (2006). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 113(1-4), 17-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009

Vancouver

Gosling P, Hodge A, Goodlass G, Bending GD. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2006 Apr;113(1-4):17-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009

Author

Gosling, P ; Hodge, A ; Goodlass, G ; Bending, G D . / Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2006 ; Vol. 113, No. 1-4. pp. 17-35.

Bibtex - Download

@article{abe53b46d5da4e3ea1ecae8c72162f44,
title = "Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming",
abstract = "Symbiotic associations between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant roots are widespread in the natural environment and can provide a range of benefits to the host plant. These include improved nutrition, enhanced resistance to soil-borne pests and disease, improved resistance to drought, tolerance of heavy metals and better soil structure. Many agricultural crops are mycorrhizal and there is widespread if equivocal evidence that crop plants benefit from the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) association in the same way. However, many agricultural practices including use of fertilisers and biocides, tillage, monocultures and the growing of non-mycorrhizal crops are detrimental to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). As a result, agroecosystems are impoverished in AMF and may not provide the full range of benefits to the crop. Organic farming systems may be less detrimental to AMF because they exclude the use of water-soluble fertilisers and most biocides and generally have diverse rotations. The evidence available suggests that this leads to increased AMF inoculum in soils, greater crop colonisation and enhanced nutrient uptake. AMF might therefore be able to substitute for reduced fertiliser and biocide inputs in organic systems, though there is little evidence for increased yield resulting from high rates of AMF colonisation in organic systems. This review examines the benefits that the AM association can have for agroecosystems and how farm management practices influence the AM association. Management options that may be employed to increase the benefits that AMF can bring to this type of farming system, such as changes to the rotation and careful use of tillage, are discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, farm management, organic farming, ZEA-MAYS-L, FUSARIUM ROOT-ROT, RHIZOBIUM NITROGEN-FIXERS, SOIL AGGREGATE STABILITY, LINUM-USITATISSIMUM L, LONG-FALLOW DISORDER, ALLIUM-PORRUM L., GLOMUS-MOSSEAE, PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION, NUTRIENT-UPTAKE",
author = "P Gosling and A Hodge and G Goodlass and Bending, {G D}",
year = "2006",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "17--35",
journal = "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment",
issn = "0167-8809",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic farming

AU - Gosling, P

AU - Hodge, A

AU - Goodlass, G

AU - Bending, G D

PY - 2006/4

Y1 - 2006/4

N2 - Symbiotic associations between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant roots are widespread in the natural environment and can provide a range of benefits to the host plant. These include improved nutrition, enhanced resistance to soil-borne pests and disease, improved resistance to drought, tolerance of heavy metals and better soil structure. Many agricultural crops are mycorrhizal and there is widespread if equivocal evidence that crop plants benefit from the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) association in the same way. However, many agricultural practices including use of fertilisers and biocides, tillage, monocultures and the growing of non-mycorrhizal crops are detrimental to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). As a result, agroecosystems are impoverished in AMF and may not provide the full range of benefits to the crop. Organic farming systems may be less detrimental to AMF because they exclude the use of water-soluble fertilisers and most biocides and generally have diverse rotations. The evidence available suggests that this leads to increased AMF inoculum in soils, greater crop colonisation and enhanced nutrient uptake. AMF might therefore be able to substitute for reduced fertiliser and biocide inputs in organic systems, though there is little evidence for increased yield resulting from high rates of AMF colonisation in organic systems. This review examines the benefits that the AM association can have for agroecosystems and how farm management practices influence the AM association. Management options that may be employed to increase the benefits that AMF can bring to this type of farming system, such as changes to the rotation and careful use of tillage, are discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Symbiotic associations between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant roots are widespread in the natural environment and can provide a range of benefits to the host plant. These include improved nutrition, enhanced resistance to soil-borne pests and disease, improved resistance to drought, tolerance of heavy metals and better soil structure. Many agricultural crops are mycorrhizal and there is widespread if equivocal evidence that crop plants benefit from the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) association in the same way. However, many agricultural practices including use of fertilisers and biocides, tillage, monocultures and the growing of non-mycorrhizal crops are detrimental to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). As a result, agroecosystems are impoverished in AMF and may not provide the full range of benefits to the crop. Organic farming systems may be less detrimental to AMF because they exclude the use of water-soluble fertilisers and most biocides and generally have diverse rotations. The evidence available suggests that this leads to increased AMF inoculum in soils, greater crop colonisation and enhanced nutrient uptake. AMF might therefore be able to substitute for reduced fertiliser and biocide inputs in organic systems, though there is little evidence for increased yield resulting from high rates of AMF colonisation in organic systems. This review examines the benefits that the AM association can have for agroecosystems and how farm management practices influence the AM association. Management options that may be employed to increase the benefits that AMF can bring to this type of farming system, such as changes to the rotation and careful use of tillage, are discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

KW - farm management

KW - organic farming

KW - ZEA-MAYS-L

KW - FUSARIUM ROOT-ROT

KW - RHIZOBIUM NITROGEN-FIXERS

KW - SOIL AGGREGATE STABILITY

KW - LINUM-USITATISSIMUM L

KW - LONG-FALLOW DISORDER

KW - ALLIUM-PORRUM L.

KW - GLOMUS-MOSSEAE

KW - PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION

KW - NUTRIENT-UPTAKE

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.009

M3 - Literature review

VL - 113

SP - 17

EP - 35

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

SN - 0167-8809

IS - 1-4

ER -