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Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records

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Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records. / Hausfather, Zeke; Cowtan, Kevin; Clarke, David C.; Jacobs, Peter; Richardson, Mark; Rohde, Robert .

In: Science Advances, Vol. 3, No. 1, e1601207, 04.01.2017, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Hausfather, Z, Cowtan, K, Clarke, DC, Jacobs, P, Richardson, M & Rohde, R 2017, 'Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records', Science Advances, vol. 3, no. 1, e1601207, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601207

APA

Hausfather, Z., Cowtan, K., Clarke, D. C., Jacobs, P., Richardson, M., & Rohde, R. (2017). Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records. Science Advances, 3(1), 1-13. [e1601207]. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601207

Vancouver

Hausfather Z, Cowtan K, Clarke DC, Jacobs P, Richardson M, Rohde R. Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records. Science Advances. 2017 Jan 4;3(1):1-13. e1601207. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601207

Author

Hausfather, Zeke ; Cowtan, Kevin ; Clarke, David C. ; Jacobs, Peter ; Richardson, Mark ; Rohde, Robert . / Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records. In: Science Advances. 2017 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 1-13.

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@article{d85bcc5e52e849dfa5c40aea1e89157b,
title = "Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records",
abstract = "Sea surface temperature (SST) records are subject to potential biases due to changing instrumentation and measurement practices. Significant differences exist between commonly used composite SST reconstructions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration{\textquoteright}s Extended Reconstruction Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), the Hadley Centre SST data set (HadSST3), and the Japanese Meteorological Agency{\textquoteright}s Centennial Observation-Based Estimates of SSTs (COBE-SST) from 2003 to the present. The update from ERSST version 3b to version 4 resulted in an increase in the operational SST trend estimate during the last 19 years from 0.07° to 0.12°C per decade, indicating a higher rate of warming in recent years. We show that ERSST version 4 trends generally agree with largely independent, near-global, and instrumentally homogeneous SST measurements from floating buoys, Argo floats, and radiometer-based satellite measurements that have been developed and deployed during the past two decades. We find a large cooling bias in ERSST version 3b and smaller but significant cooling biases in HadSST3 and COBE-SST from 2003 to the present, with respect to most series examined. These results suggest that reported rates of SST warming in recent years have been underestimated in these three data sets.",
author = "Zeke Hausfather and Kevin Cowtan and Clarke, {David C.} and Peter Jacobs and Mark Richardson and Robert Rohde",
note = "2017 {\textcopyright} The Authors.",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1126/sciadv.1601207",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Science Advances",
issn = "2375-2548",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing recent warming using instrumentally homogeneous sea surface temperature records

AU - Hausfather, Zeke

AU - Cowtan, Kevin

AU - Clarke, David C.

AU - Jacobs, Peter

AU - Richardson, Mark

AU - Rohde, Robert

N1 - 2017 © The Authors.

PY - 2017/1/4

Y1 - 2017/1/4

N2 - Sea surface temperature (SST) records are subject to potential biases due to changing instrumentation and measurement practices. Significant differences exist between commonly used composite SST reconstructions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Extended Reconstruction Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), the Hadley Centre SST data set (HadSST3), and the Japanese Meteorological Agency’s Centennial Observation-Based Estimates of SSTs (COBE-SST) from 2003 to the present. The update from ERSST version 3b to version 4 resulted in an increase in the operational SST trend estimate during the last 19 years from 0.07° to 0.12°C per decade, indicating a higher rate of warming in recent years. We show that ERSST version 4 trends generally agree with largely independent, near-global, and instrumentally homogeneous SST measurements from floating buoys, Argo floats, and radiometer-based satellite measurements that have been developed and deployed during the past two decades. We find a large cooling bias in ERSST version 3b and smaller but significant cooling biases in HadSST3 and COBE-SST from 2003 to the present, with respect to most series examined. These results suggest that reported rates of SST warming in recent years have been underestimated in these three data sets.

AB - Sea surface temperature (SST) records are subject to potential biases due to changing instrumentation and measurement practices. Significant differences exist between commonly used composite SST reconstructions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Extended Reconstruction Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), the Hadley Centre SST data set (HadSST3), and the Japanese Meteorological Agency’s Centennial Observation-Based Estimates of SSTs (COBE-SST) from 2003 to the present. The update from ERSST version 3b to version 4 resulted in an increase in the operational SST trend estimate during the last 19 years from 0.07° to 0.12°C per decade, indicating a higher rate of warming in recent years. We show that ERSST version 4 trends generally agree with largely independent, near-global, and instrumentally homogeneous SST measurements from floating buoys, Argo floats, and radiometer-based satellite measurements that have been developed and deployed during the past two decades. We find a large cooling bias in ERSST version 3b and smaller but significant cooling biases in HadSST3 and COBE-SST from 2003 to the present, with respect to most series examined. These results suggest that reported rates of SST warming in recent years have been underestimated in these three data sets.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020042323&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/sciadv.1601207

DO - 10.1126/sciadv.1601207

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85020042323

VL - 3

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Science Advances

JF - Science Advances

SN - 2375-2548

IS - 1

M1 - e1601207

ER -