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Atom trapping and dynamics in the interaction of optical vortices with quadrupole-active transitions

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JournalPhysical Review A
DateAccepted/In press - 13 Mar 2020
DatePublished (current) - 9 Apr 2020
Issue number4
Volume101
Number of pages7
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Recent studies have confirmed the coupling of optical vortices, such as Laguerre-Gaussian and Bessel-Gaussian modes, to quadrupole-active atomic transitions. This interaction has been shown to be enhanced considerably in the case of Laguerre-Gaussian beams due to the gradient coupling, particularly, in the case of a relatively large winding number. Here, we consider the trapping and the dynamics of atoms in the optical quadrupole potential generated by two coaxial counterpropagating optical vortex beams. We focus on the atomic transition 62S1/2→52D5/2 in Cs which is a dipole-forbidden but a quadrupole-allowed transition. We show how this atomic transition engages with the optical vortex fields at near resonance, leading to atom trapping in the optical quadrupole potential well accompanied by translational motion. We show how the optical forces generate the motion of the atoms trapped within the quadrupole potential, illustrating the results using typical experimentally accessible parameters.

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