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We highlight a connection between Diophantine approximation and the lower Assouad dimension by using information about the latter to show that the Hausdorff dimension of the set of badly approximable points that lie in certain non-conformal fractals, known as self-affine sponges, is bounded below by the dynamical dimension of these fractals. In particular, for self-affine sponges with equal Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions, the set of badly approximable points has full Hausdorff dimension in the sponge. Our results, which are the first to advance beyond the conformal setting, encompass both the case of Sierpi\'nski sponges/carpets (also known as Bedford-McMullen sponges/carpets) and the case of Bara\'nski carpets. We use the fact that the lower Assouad dimension of a hyperplane diffuse set constitutes a lower bound for the Hausdorff dimension of the set of badly approximable points in that set.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems|
|Early online date||20 Jun 2017|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 20 Jun 2017|
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