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Batesian mimics influence mimicry ring evolution

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JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B
DatePublished - 2004
Issue number1535
Volume271
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)191-196
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Mathematical models of mimicry typically involve artificial prey species with fixed colorations or appearances; this enables a comparison of predation rates to demonstrate the level of protection a mimic might be afforded. Fruitful theoretical results have been produced using this method, but it is also useful to examine the possible evolutionary consequences of mimicry. To that end, we present individual-based evolutionary simulation models where prey colorations are free to evolve. We use the models to examine the effect of Batesian mimics on Mullerian mimics and mimicry rings. Results show that Batesian mimics can potentially incite Mullerian mimicry relationships and encourage mimicry ring convergence.

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