Beyond hate: Policing sex work, protection and hate crime

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter reflects on the implications of situating sex workers experiences of crime within a conceptual and policy hate crime framework, arguing sex workers experiences of violent and other crime fit established conceptualisations of hate crime. It is based on research with police officers and sex workers in Merseyside, the first police force in the UK to treat crimes against sex workers as hate crime. Whilst acknowledging this model has limitations, it proposes it forms a progressive, protection based model of policing sex work which prioritises sex worker safety and contributes to practical improvements in policing crimes against sex workers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolicing the Sex Industry
Subtitle of host publicationProtection, Paternalism and Politics
EditorsTeela Sanders, Mary Laing
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781315196893
ISBN (Print)9781138716629
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Publication series

NameInterdisciplinary Studies in Sex for Sale


  • Sex work
  • Prostitution
  • Hate crime
  • Policing
  • Safety
  • Violence
  • Rights
  • Social Justice

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