By the same authors

From the same journal

Binding of visual and spatial short-term memory in Williams syndrome and moderate learning disability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

JournalDevelopmental Medicine & Child Neurology
DatePublished - Apr 2007
Issue number4
Number of pages3
Pages (from-to)270-273
Original languageEnglish


main aim of this study was to test the claim that individuals with Williams syndrome have selectively impaired memory for spatial as opposed to visual information. The performance of 16 individuals with Williams syndrome (six males, 10 females; mean age 18y 7mo [SD 7y 6mo], range 9y 1mo-30y 7mo) on tests of short-term memory for item and location information was compared with that shown by individuals with moderate learning difficulties (12 males, four females; mean age 10y 3mo [SD 1y], range 8y 6mo-11y 7mo) and typically developing children (six males, 10 females; mean age 6y 8mo [SD 7mo], range 5y 10mo-7y 9mo) of an equivalent level of visuospatial ability. A second aim was to determine whether individuals had impaired ability to 'bind' visual spatial information when required to recall 'item in location' information. In contrast to previous findings, there was no evidence that individuals with Williams syndrome were more impaired in the spatial than the visual memory condition. However, individuals with both Williams syndrome and moderate learning difficulties showed impaired memory for item in location information, suggesting that problems of binding may be generally associated with learning disability.

Bibliographical note

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    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Association Learning, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Learning Disorders, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Orientation, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Reference Values, Williams Syndrome

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