Binocular vision in amblyopia: structure, suppression and plasticity

Robert F Hess, Benjamin Thompson, Daniel Hart Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The amblyopic visual system was once considered to be structurally monocular. However, it now evident that the capacity for binocular vision is present in many observers with amblyopia. This has led to new techniques for quantifying suppression that have provided insights into the relationship between suppression and the monocular and binocular visual deficits experienced by amblyopes. Furthermore, new treatments are emerging that directly target suppressive interactions within the visual cortex and, on the basis of initial data, appear to improve both binocular and monocular visual function, even in adults with amblyopia. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of recent studies that have investigated the structure, measurement and treatment of binocular vision in observers with strabismic, anisometropic and mixed amblyopia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-162
Number of pages16
JournalOphthalmic and physiological optics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2014

Bibliographical note

©, 2014 The Authors Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics. © 2014, The College of Optometrists. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.


  • amblyopia
  • binocular vision
  • plasticity
  • suppression
  • treatment

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