Bio-based carbonaceous composite materials from epoxidised linseed oil, bio-derived curing agent and starch with controllable functionality

N. Supanchaiyamat*, P. S. Shuttleworth, C. Sikhom, S. Chaengkham, H. B. Yue, J. P. Fernández-Blázquez, V. L. Budarin, A. J. Hunt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Development of biomass-derived materials using sustainable practices has been one of the major scientific aims over the last few decades. A new class of bio-derived nanocomposite derived from epoxidised linseed oil, a bio-derived crosslinker and a starch based carbonaceous mesoporous material (Starbon®) has been developed. The use of Starbons® technology enables the incorporation of carbonaceous materials with tuneable surface functionality (from hydrophilic to hydrophobic). The resulting composite demonstrated good thermal stability up to 300 °C, good low temperature modulus, flexibility and uniformity, as demonstrated by TGA, DMA and SEM studies, respectively. Furthermore, the thermoset composites' swelling behaviour in solvents with a high polar index through to non-polar ones was investigated, revealing initially that non polar solvents have a greater impact on swelling than polar solvents and that in all cases the addition of filler reduces the extent of swelling. The inclusion of this carbonaceous material with hierarchical pore structure and high BET surface area may further aid the use of such composites in membrane separation applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24282-24290
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2017

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017

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