Biocatalytic reductive amination by native Amine Dehydrogenases to access short chiral alkyl amines and amino alcohols

Laurine Ducrot, Megan Bennett, Adam Caparco, Julie Champion, Andreas Bommarius, Anne Zaparucha, Gideon James Grogan, Carine Vergne-Vaxelaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Small optically active molecules, and more particularly short-chain chiral amines, are key 20 compounds in the chemical industry and precursors of various pharmaceuticals. Their chemo-21 biocatalytic production on a commercial scale is already established, mainly through lipase-22 catalyzed resolutions leading to ChiProsTM products among others. Nevertheless, their 23 biocatalytic synthesis still remains challenging for very short-chain C4 to C5 amines due to low 24 enantiomeric excess. To complement the possibilities recently offered by transaminases, this 25 work describes alternative biocatalytic access using amine dehydrogenases (AmDHs). Without 26 any protein engineering, some of the already described wild-type AmDHs (CfusAmDH, 27 MsmeAmDH, MicroAmDH and MATOUAmDH2) were shown to be efficient for the synthesis 28 of hydroxylated or unfunctionalized small 2-aminoalkanes. Conversions up to 97.1% were 29 reached at 50 mM, and moderate to high enantioselectivities were obtained, especially for (S)-30 1-methoxypropan-2-amine (98.1%), (S)-3-aminobutan-1-ol (99.5%), (3S)-3-aminobutan-2-ol 31 (99.4%) and the small (S)-butan-2-amine (93.6%) with MsmeAmDH. Semi-preparative scale 32 up experiments were successfully performed at 150 mM substrate concentrations for the 33 synthesis of (S)-butan-2-amine and (S)-1-methoxypropan-2-amine, the latter known as “(S)-34 MOIPA”. Modelling studies provided some preliminary results explaining the basis for the 35 challenging discrimination between similarly sized substituents in the active sites of these 36 enzymes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number781284
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Catalysis
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Ducrot, Bennett, Caparco, Champion, Bommarius, Zaparucha, Grogan and Vergne-Vaxelaire.

Cite this