Biomass as a Feedstock

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Publication details

Title of host publicationIntroduction to Chemicals from Biomass
DatePublished - 16 Mar 2015
Pages31-52
Number of pages22
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
EditorsJames H. Clark, Fabien Deswarte
EditionSecond Edition
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Print)9781118714478, 9781118714485

Abstract

The biorefinery concept is analogous to petroleum refineries, which convert biomass into multiple value-added products including energy, chemical and materials in an integrated facility. However, many first-generation biorefineries utilise feedstocks that compete with food or feed. The use of lignocellulosic agricultural residues and food supply chain (FSC) wastes can aid in the creation of flexible zero-waste networks, applicable to a variety of low-value local feedstocks. Two agricultural residues which offer great potential as feedstocks for biorefineries are sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw. This chapter focuses on how phytochemicals from agricultural residues, such as sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw, can be utilised in higher-value applications. Within the state of industry, with non-renewable resources running out and the cost for waste disposal increasing, waste valorisation is an incredibly important concept that is beginning to be acknowledged as the future of industrial waste processing.

    Research areas

  • Biomass, Biorefinery concept, Feedstock, Food supply chain (FSC), Lignocellulosic agricultural residues, Phytochemicals, Sugarcane bagasse, Waste valorisation, Wheat straw

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