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Bound State Quantum Electrodynamics with Polarization Sources

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Publication details

JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
DatePublished - 25 Feb 1975
Issue number1628
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)113-129
Original languageEnglish


A manifestly gauge invariant relativistic quantum field theory of the interaction of atomic systems with electromagnetic fields is shown to be systematically obtained from conventional quantum electrodynamics. The basic ingredient is an exact decomposition of the Dirac sources $J^{\mu}$, modified to include the binding, into polarization sources $p$ and $M$. The transformation of the conventional theory is achieved by means of a generalized Power-Zienau-Woolley transformation. While $J^{\mu}$ couple to the potentials $A^{\mu}$, the polarization sources are shown to couple directly to the field intensities $E$ and $B$. An explicit separation between electric and magnetic interactions is thus obtained which is in close correspondence with the case in the semi-classical radiation theory. The relevance of the transformed theory to problems involving intense electromagnetic fields is pointed out and discussed.

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