Brazil's landless movement and rights ‘from below’

Eric T. Hoddy*, Jonathan E. Ensor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent literature has recognised the value of food sovereignty and human rights frameworks in agrarian struggles. Relatively little attention has gone toward how agrarian movements develop and apply their own rights discourses to further demands for social justice. This study considers Brazil's landless movement (MST) between 1984 and 1995, revealing three distinct rights discourses that recruited and mobilised protest by linking local issues to the movement's broader political project. The findings illustrate the value of rights, frames and ideology as analytical tools, shedding light on how movement-generated rights emerge through processes of reflexivity and in response to dynamic social-political contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rural Studies
Early online date15 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Agrarian movements
  • Food sovereignty
  • frames
  • Human rights
  • Ideology
  • Neoliberalism

Cite this