Carsharing in Europe: a critical review of policy, research, innovation, and practice

Alejandro Ortega*, Gary Haq, Anastasios Tsakalidis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carsharing is often included in packages of measures to encourage a more sustainable mobility. In this paper we determine the key trends and challenges in European carsharing research and innovation. We assess the status and future potential of European carsharing and identify additional research needs. The results show a steady increase in European funding to support urban carsharing projects. This is true for projects studying Information Technology development (i.e. Apps, websites, connected cars, etc). City authorities should conduct an ex-ante analysis before implementing carsharing schemes to ensure it is coordinated with public transport. Monitoring is crucial since carsharing services should contribute to reducing the overall environmental impact of the transport system. City authorities and private providers should collaborate to provide sustainable carsharing schemes that facilitate multimodal travel, lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve urban air quality and provides accessible mobility for all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-406
JournalTransportation Planning and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Concerning the funding origin, the results show that 96 projects (62% of the projects) received funding by European research framework programmes the Horizon 2020 framework programme for Research and innovation (H2020) or the 7th Framework Programme for Research (FP7), whilst Member States (MSs) supported the remaining 59 projects (38% of the sample). It should be noted that no significant difference in terms of topics covered were found between MSs and EU funded projects.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Carsharing
  • Europe
  • research and innovation
  • review

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