Here we report the one-pot, cell-free enzymatic synthesis of the plant monoterpene nepetalactol starting from the readily available geraniol. A pair of orthogonal cofactor regeneration systems permitted NAD+-dependent geraniol oxidation followed by NADPH-dependent reductive cyclization without isolation of intermediates. The orthogonal cofactor regeneration system maintained a high ratio of NAD+ to NADH and a low ratio of NADP+ to NADPH. The overall reaction contains four biosynthetic enzymes, including a soluble P450, and five accessory and cofactor regeneration enzymes. Furthermore, addition of a NAD+-dependent dehydrogenase to the one-pot mixture led to ∼1 g/L of nepetalactone, the active cat attractant in catnip.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is support by NIH R01AT010001 to Y.T. The plasmid used for expression of NoxE was a gift from Prof. James Bowie.
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- cofactor regeneration
- enzyme cascade
- natural products
- synthetic biochemistry