CEO Narcissism and Global Performance Variance in Multinational Enterprises: The Roles of Foreign Direct Investment Risk‐Taking and Business Group Affiliation

Yoo Jung Ha, Yingqi Wei, Riikka Sarala, Jeoung Yul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines key mechanisms through which CEO narcissism influences global performance variance in the context of Asian emerging market multinational enterprises. Building on the contextual reinforcement model of narcissism and the cushion hypothesis, we focus on the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) risk‐taking and business group affiliation (BGA). We test our moderated mediation model on data from 149 South Korean multinational enterprises from 2006 to 2016. The results show that CEO narcissism is positively associated with FDI risk‐taking. The effect of CEO narcissism on global performance variance is mediated by FDI risk‐taking. Furthermore, BGA moderates the above‐mentioned relationships. Our findings offer important contributions to the international business and CEO narcissism literatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-535
JournalBritish Journal of Management
Issue number1
Early online date4 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2023


  • CEO Narcissism
  • FDI Risk-taking
  • Global Performance Variance
  • Business Group Affiliation
  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Emerging markets

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