CHAPTER 9: Adhesives Derived from Biomass Waste Streams

Zhanrong Zhang, Avtar S. Matharu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The generation of functional materials from biomass waste streams represents an attractive and important topic in the context of developing future biorefineries. This chapter briefly summarizes our recent research on microwave-assisted low-temperature (<200 °C) pyrolysis of three biorenewable waste streams (i.e., spruce wood chips, waste office paper and DIR) for the generation of bio-oil, bio-char (microwave residue) and gas. The potential application of crude organic phase bio-oils as adhesives towards metal bonding was investigated. Furthermore, a model compound study using 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furaldehyde (HMF), catechol and levoglucosan was conducted to get further understanding of the adhesion properties of bio-oil towards aluminium bonding. We anticipate that these preliminary results will potentially lead to applications and provide new ideas for generating adhesives from currently underutilized biomass waste streams.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRubber Recycling
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Developments
EditorsRainer Hofer, Avtar Singh Matharu, Zhanrong Zhang
PublisherThe Royal Society of Chemistry
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781782629948, 9781788010849, 9781788015127
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameRSC Green Chemistry
ISSN (Print)1757-7039
ISSN (Electronic)1757-7047

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