By the same authors

From the same journal

Chemically-induced Neurite-like Outgrowth Reveals Multicellular Network Function in Patient-derived Glioblastoma Cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Barbara da Silva
  • Bronwyn K. Irving
  • Euan S. Polson
  • Alastair Droop
  • Hollie B.S. Griffiths
  • Ryan K. Mathew
  • Lucy F. Stead
  • Joanne Marrison
  • Courtney Williams
  • Jennifer Williams
  • Susan C. Short
  • Margherita Scarcia
  • Peter John O'Toole
  • Simon J. Allison
  • Georgia Mavria
  • Heiko Wurdak

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalJournal of Cell Science
DateAccepted/In press - 2 Sep 2019
DatePublished (current) - 10 Oct 2019
Volume132
Number of pages10
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Tumor stem cells and malignant multicellular networks have been separately implicated in the therapeutic resistance of Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM), the most aggressive type of brain cancer in adults. We show that small molecule inhibition of RHO-associated serine/threonine kinase (ROCKi) significantly promoted the outgrowth of neurite-like cell projections in cultures of heterogeneous patient-derived GBM stem-like cells. These projections
formed de novo -induced cellular network (iNet) ‘webs’, which regressed after withdrawal of ROCKi. Connected cells within the iNet web exhibited long range calcium signal transmission, and significant lysosomal and mitochondrial trafficking. In contrast to their less-connected vehicle control counterparts, iNet cells remained viable and proliferative after high-dose radiation. These findings demonstrate a link between ROCKi-regulated cell projection dynamics and the formation of radiation-resistant multicellular networks. Our study identifies means to reversibly induce iNet webs ex vivo , and may thereby accelerate future studies into the biology of GBM cellular networks.

Bibliographical note

© 2019. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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